Gender Equality and Welfare Politics in Scandinavia

The Limits of Political Ambition?

Edited by Kari Melby, Anna-Birte Ravn, and Christina Carlsson Wetterberg

Gender Equality and Welfare Politics in Scandinavia
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Edited by Kari Melby, Anna-Birte Ravn, and Christina Carlsson Wetterberg

Distributed for Policy Press at the University of Bristol

256 pages | © 2009
Paper $39.95 ISBN: 9781847424655 Published May 2009 For sale in North and South America only
Gender equality is often seen as a hallmark of the Nordic countries. This book explores this notion by examining the meanings of gender that underpin policies in the Scandinavian welfare states, historically and today. The book focuses on three Scandinavian countries - Denmark, Norway and Sweden - and explores the policy reforms that have occurred relating to family and care. Beginning with the radical marriage reform carried through in all the three countries in the early decades of the 20th century, the book progresses to explore contemporary challenges to the traditional model of equality, including equal rights for fathers, multiculturalism and a critical young generation. The book focuses on differences as well as similarities between the countries and discusses the relevance of talking about a Nordic model. Stressing the importance of viewing the concept of equality in its historical context, the book critically investigates and discusses the Scandinavian 'success story' portrayed in normative political theory and presents an historical analysis of the development of gendered citizenship rights.It will be a valuable collection for researchers, lecturers and graduate students who work with historical and contemporary studies on welfare state and gender models from different disciplinary or interdisciplinary perspectives.
List of tables
Notes on contributors

A Nordic model of gender equality? Introduction
      Kari Melby, Anna-Birte Ravn, and Christina Carlsson Wetterberg
Part One: Meanings of gender equality in Scandinavian welfare policy
1. Woman-friendly policy paradoxes? Childcare policies and gender equality visions in Scandinavia
      Anette Borchorst
2. The claim of economic citizenship: the concept of equality in a historical context
      Christina Carlsson Wetterberg and Kari Melby
3. Married women’s right to pay taxes: debates on gender, economic citizenship and tax law reform in Denmark, 1945¬83
      Anna-Birte Ravn
4. Family policy between science and politics
      Åsa Lundqvist
5. Academic discourse, social policy and the construction of new families
      Christine Roman
Part Two: Current challenges: competing discourses on gender equality
6. The ‘new father’: gender equality as discursive resource for family policies
      Trine Annfelt
7. From powerful to powerless fathers: gender equality in Danish family policies on parenthood
      Charlotte Andersen and Anna-Birte Ravn
8. Dilemmas of citizenship: tensions between gender equality and cultural diversity in the Danish welfare state
      Birte Siim
9. Women friendly? Understanding gendered racism in Sweden
      Diana Mulinari
10. Young women’s attitudes towards feminism and gender equality
      Ann-Dorte Christensen
11. A Scandinavian feminist public sphere: discourses on feminism and gender equality
      Christina Fiig
Postcript: Gender, citizenship and social justice in the Nordic welfare states: a view from the outside
      Ruth Lister
Postscript: Future research on gender equality in the Scandinavian countries
      Keith Pringle

Appendix: Tables 1–10
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