Cloth $41.95 ISBN: 9789053562161 Published June 2008 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
Paper $41.95 ISBN: 9789053561928 Published July 2008 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Film Festivals

From European Geopolitics to Global Cinephilia

Marijke de Valck

Marijke de Valck

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

250 pages | 6-1/3 x 9-1/2 | © 2007
Cloth $41.95 ISBN: 9789053562161 Published June 2008 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
Paper $41.95 ISBN: 9789053561928 Published July 2008 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
The film festival has come a long way from its relatively humble origins in Venice in 1932—when nine nations presented twenty-five feature films screened in an open-air cinema where men had to adhere to standards of formal evening attire. Hugely popular events that attract diverse lovers of cinema worldwide, today’s most famous film festivals—Cannes, Berlin, Venice, and Rotterdam—continue the story of a phenomenon that began in the midst of geopolitical disputes in war-torn Europe. Film Festivals shows how these festivals turned impediments into advantages and developed a successful global network that addresses issues as diverse as programming and prizes, national legitimation, city marketing, cinephilia, glamour, and audience. Discussing the festival as a media event and looking closer at various festival visitors, this volume also questions whether “successful” is in fact the appropriate term for understanding developments that could be considered dogmatic in their insistence on framing filmmakers as auteurs and films as belonging to “new waves.” An essential title for everyone interested in the culture, politics, and history that surround the celebration of cinema, Film Festivals proves that the movies are still our greatest—and most fêted—escape
Contents
Acknowledgements
Introduction - Film Festivals as Sites of Passage
  
European Roots
   Film Festivals and Cultural Theory
   Three Historical Phases
   Film Festivals as New Object of Historical Research
   Film Festivals and the Pre-war Avant-garde
   Film Festivals and the Post-war Avant-garde
   Network Theory
   Film Festivals and Actor-Network Theory
   Sites of Passage
   Understanding Festival Space
   Case Studies
 
1  Berlin and the Spatial Reconfiguration of Festivals
    From European Showcases to International Film Festival Circuit
 
    Geopolitical Agendas
    German Film Industry in Crisis
    The Western Cultural Showcase in the East
    The Olympics of Film
    Sovereign Nations, Diplomatic Disputes
    European Cinemas and Hollywood
    The Call for Independent Festivals
    Upheaval in Berlin
    The Forum: Between Barricades and Ivory Tower
    Embedded Festivals
    Return of the National
    The Local and the Global
    City Marketing
    Spatial Movements and Accreditation
    Conclusions
 
2  Cannes and the "Alternative" Cinema Network
     Bridging the Gap between Cultural Criteria and Business Demands
 
     Film Wars between Hollywood and Europe
     Hollywood Rising
     Crisis in European Film Industries
     Film Festivals as an Alternative to Distribution
     Transformations in the World Cinema Market
     Video and Porn
     The New Independents
     Miramax
     The Festival Network
     The Question of Distribution
     In the Business of Cultural Prestige
     Facilitating the Industries
     Picking up on Trends in Cannes
     Le Marché du Cinéma
     Glitter and Glamour
     Media Event
     Conclusion
 
3   Venice and the Value-Adding Process
     The Role of Mediation, Segregation and Agenda Setting
 
     The Value-Adding Process
     Tripartite Selection
     Beyond the High/Low Distinction
     The Film Festival Event
     Hybridized Performativity
     A Travelling Sequence of Events
     The Spatial Axis
     The Mostra and the Cultural Memory of Space
     Spatial Segregation through Accreditation
     The Temporal Axis
     The Winner: THE RETURN
     The Loser:  BUONGIORNO, NOTTE
     The Favorite:  LOST IN TRANSLATION
     The Scandal:  TWENTYNINE PALMS
     Agenda Setting and Media Exposure
     Conclusion
 
4   Rotterdam and the Rise of Thematic Festivals
     From Cinephile Initiatives to Popular Events
 
     Thematic Festivals
     The Age of Programmers
     Rotterdam and Film International
     Programming, Passion and Politics
     The Dogma of Discovery and Politics of Participation
     Thematic Festivals in the Festival Circuit
     Cinephilia and the New Festival Audiences
     Video, Digitization and the Rise of Contemporary Cinephilia
     Memory and the Market
     Debating the New Festival Audiences in Rotterdam
     The Age of Festival Directors
     The Experience Economy
     Fundraising, Sponsoring and the City
     Conclusion
 
Conclusion - Successful or Safe?
     The Strengths and Weaknesses of the Film Festival Network
 
     The Larger Network
     Successful or Safe?
     Adding Value and Agenda Setting
     Implications and Limitations
 
Notes
Bibliography
Index of Names
Index of Film Titles
Index of Subjects
For more information, or to order this book, please visit http://www.press.uchicago.edu
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