From Civilians to Soldiers and from Soldiers to Civilians

Mobilization and Demobilization in Sudan

Saskia Baas

Saskia Baas

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

240 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2012
Paper $59.95 ISBN: 9789089643964 Published August 2012 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada
Drawing on extensive research and personal accounts, this hard-hitting study investigates the processes of mobilization and demobilization of fighters from all factions during the long, drawn out civil war in Sudan. Through in-depth interviews with current and former combatants in Sudan Saskia Baas investigates how civilians get drawn into the conflict and what the deep consequences are for becoming part of a guerilla movement. The resulting narrative is fascinating and disturbing, while providing vivid insight into the dynamics of civil war that are relevant to conflicts all over the world. From Civilians to Soldiers and from Soldiers to Civilians will appeal to political scientists, military historians, and nonacademic audiences interested in the conflict in Sudan.
List of acronyms

1. Introduction
1.1 Explaining civil war
1.2 Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR)
1.3 Research among (former) fighters in Sudan
1.4 Overview of the book and key findings
2. Recruitment
2.1 Independence, war, peace and the foundation of the SPLA
2.2 Organizing a rebellion
2.3 On the individual level: contexts of recruitment
2.4 Comparison: Recruitment among movements in Eastern Sudan
2.5 Conclusion: why do men rebel?
3. Becoming a soldier
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Integration and cohesion
3.3 Soldier life
3.4 Opportunities and stratification
3.5 Getting out and staying in
3.6 Comparison: affiliation to movements in Eastern Sudan
3.7 Conclusions
4. At war's end
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Background: negotiations and peace
4.3 Peace policies in the SPLA
4.4 Through the eyes of the fighters
4.5 Comparison: peace in the East
4.6 Conclusions
5. DDR policies and realities in Sudan
5.1 Introduction
5.2 DDR policy under the CPA
5.3 DDR policy under the ESPA (Eastern Sudan)
5.4 Conclusions
Concluding remarks
Towards a comprehensive theory on the motivation of actors in civil war
Moving beyond resource-reductionist DDR

Appendix I: Checklist interviews former combatants
Appendix II: Example of an interview report
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