Citizenship Policies in the New Europe

Expanded and Updated Edition

Edited by Rainer Bauböck, Bernhard Perchinig, and Wiebke Sievers

Citizenship Policies in the New Europe

Edited by Rainer Bauböck, Bernhard Perchinig, and Wiebke Sievers

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

464 pages | 6 3/10 x 9 1/2 | © 2009
Paper $81.95 ISBN: 9789089641083 Published March 2010 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

The two most recent expansions to the EU, in May 2004 and January 2007, have had a significant impact on contemporary conceptions of statehood, nation-building, and citizenship within the Union. This volume outlines the citizenship laws in each of the twelve new countries as well as in the accession states of Croatia and Turkey.


List of figures and tables




Andre Liebich

Introduction: Altneuländer or the vicissitudes of citizenship in the new EU states

1        New states and old concerns, or why there is not much plural citizenship in the Altneuländer

2        Old categories and new principles, or how ethnicity has trumped other grounds for citizenship

3        Old wrongs and new rights, or how to use citizenship to correct history

4        Conclusion: The historical past, the ethnic present and the immigrant future

Annex: Constitutional preambles (extracts)

Part I    Restored States

Priit Järve

1        Estonian citizenship: Between ethnic preferences and democratic obligations


Kristīne Krūma

2        Checks and balances in Latvian national policies: National agendas and international frameworks


Kristīne Krūma

3        Lithuanian nationality: Trump card to independence and its current challenges

Part II  States with Histories of Shifting Borders


Agata Górny and Dorota Pudzianowska

4        Same letter, new spirit: Nationality regulations and their implementation in Poland


Mária M. Kovács and Judit Tóth

5        Kin-state responsibility and ethnic citizenship: The Hungarian case


Constantin Iordachi

6        Politics of citizenship in post-communist Romania: Legal traditions, restitution of nationality and multiple memberships


Daniel Smilov and Elena Jileva

7        The politics of Bulgarian citizenship: National identity, democracy and other uses


Part III   Post-Partition States

Andrea Baršová

8        Czech citizenship legislation between past and future


Dagmar Kusá

9        The Slovak question and the Slovak answer: Citizenship during the quest for national self-determination and after


Felicita Medved

10    From civic to ethnic community? The evolution of Slovenian citizenship


Francesco Ragazzi and Igor Štiks

11    Croatian citizenship: From ethnic engineering to inclusiveness


Part IV   Mediterranean Post-Imperial States

Eugene Buttigieg

12    Malta’s citizenship law: Evolution and current regime


Nicos Trimikliniotis

13    Nationality and citizenship in Cyprus since 1945: Communal citizenship, gendered nationality and the adventures of a post-colonial subject in a divided country


Zeynep Kadirbeyoglu

14    Changing conceptions of citizenship in Turkey


Wiebke Sievers

‘A call to kinship’? Citizenship and migration in the new Member States and the accession countries of the EU


List of contributors

Review Quotes
Marc Morjé Howard, Georgetown University
“By extending the common framework of the NATAC study to the ‘new Europe,’ this volume provides the first systematic comparison of these important cases, thus giving scholars and policymakers a more complete and accurate picture of citizenship policies throughout the European Union.”
Martin  Rhodes, University of Denver

“A unique analysis of citizenship policies in the countries of the most recent wave of EU enlargement, plus Turkey. The contributors provide deep insights into the complex histories of nationality in these countries and the challenges they now face in managing national and ethnic identity issues.”

Michael Collyer, Sussex University

“I know of no other comparable collection that combines this breadth of coverage with the characteristic depth of analysis.”

Christian Joppke, American University of Paris

“This work is a worthy completion of the most impressive research ever done on European citizenship laws. For a change, European moneys well spent.”

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