Paper $49.50 ISBN: 9789089640451 Published October 2009 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

Citizenship in the Arab World

Kin, Religion and Nation-State

Gianluca P. Parolin

Gianluca P. Parolin

Distributed for Amsterdam University Press

192 pages | 6-3/10 x 9-1/2
Paper $49.50 ISBN: 9789089640451 Published October 2009 For sale only in the United States, its dependencies, the Philippines, and Canada

The result of five years of intensive research on citizenship in the Arab world, this volume uses the multidisciplinary approach of comparative legal studies in order to consider the multifaceted reality of nationality and citizenship. Gianluca P. Parolin brings together methodologies from fields as diverse as anthropology, linguistics, sociology, and political science, while exploring a broad range of Western and Arab references accessed in their original languages and sources, making in-text references and contemporary Arab legislation accessible for the general reader.


Preface by Rainer Bauböck                                                                                                    

Foreword by Gerard-René de Groot                                                                                      

Romanisation system and acknowledgements                                                               



Basic constituents of citizenship

Classical models and early East-West contacts

Different civilisational paths

Arab terminology

Subject, membership and rights in the Arab world


Chapter One – Membership in the kin group                                                                


§1. Representing the social prism

§2. Inclusion through kinship, clientage or slavery

§3. Severance from the group

§4. Customary law

§5. Private justice and arbitration

§6. The chieftain and the assembly


Chapter Two – Membership in the religious community                                    


§1. The formation of the Islamic community

§2. Forms of membership in the Islamic community

§2.1. Muslims

§2.2. Non-Muslims

§3. Partition from the Islamic community

§3.1. Muslim sects

§3.2. Collective apostasy

§3.3. Individual apostasy

§4. Characters of the confessional system

§4.1. Personality of Islamic law

§4.2. Jurisdiction of the Islamic judge

§4.3. Status of non-Muslims in the dar al-islam

§5. Islam and the kin group

§5.1. Planning newly founded cities

§5.2. Status of non-Arab neo-converts (mawlàs)

§5.3. The principle of wedding adequacy (kafa’ah)

§5.4. Restriction of the caliphate to Quraish kinsmen

§6. Islam and Arabness

§6.1. Koranic prescriptions and early Islam

§6.2. The first Shu‘ubiyah

§6.3. Other opposition movements to Arab dominance


Chapter Three – Membership in the nation-state                                                           


§1. The emergence of nation-states and nationality

§1.1. Ottoman decline

§1.1.1. Capitulations (imtiyazat)

§1.1.2. Tanzimat and Ottoman nationality

§1.1.3. Imperial provinces and indigenous nationality

§1.2. Ottoman dismemberment

§1.3. Peace treaties and nationality of detached territories

§1.4. The French model

§1.5. Independent states and nat

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