Closing the Circle

Democratization and Development in Africa

Richard Sandbrook

Closing the Circle

Richard Sandbrook

Distributed for Zed Books

192 pages | 5.4375 x 8.5 | © 2000  
Paper $52.95 ISBN: 9781856498289 Published January 2001 For sale in North and South America only
We all know that many African countries face political tyranny, failed capitalist development, and violent domestic conflict. What is less clear is what relationship may exist between effective democratic institutions and the solution of the last two problems. Richard Sandbrook draws on the experience with democratisation of a carefully selected sample of countries: Ghana, Mali and Niger in West Africa; Zambia, Tanzania and Madagascar in East Africa; and Sudan. He illustrates the diversity of African experiences of the transition to democratic political forms and the complex relationships between democratic institutions and economic reform and social order. He concludes that the ultimate value of democratic institutions lies in whether they lead to economic progress and social justice and peace.
Contents
List of Tables
Acknowledgements
Map of Sub-Saharan Africa
 
1. Patterns and Perspectives
 
From Authoritarianism to Democracy
Democratization and Deadly Conflict
Democratization, Economic Reform, and the State
The Future: Democracy, Development, and Globalization
 
2. The Real World of African Democracy
 
Elections: How Free and Fair?
Party Systems or Factional Systems?
Civil and Political Rights: How Protected?
The Practice and Promise of Democratization
 
3. Democratization and Deadly Conflict
 
The Complex Political Emergency Syndrome
Deadly Conflict in the Sudan
Democratization as Antidote
Prognosis: Uncertain
 
4. Democratization and Market Reforms
 
Governmental Commitment to Reform
Building Political Coalitions for Neo-Liberal Reform
Administrative Capacity
Adjustment and Reform
 
5. Democratization and State Rehabilitation
 
The Politics of Economic Decline and Renewal
Neo-Patrimonialism Resurgent: Rawlings as the New Nkrumah
Democratization and Macroeconomic Performance
Countermovement: Liberal Institutional Reform
Historical Legacies and Institutional Change
 
6. Closing the Circle
 
The Pragmatic Neo-Liberal Strategy
A Social-Democratic Globalization
 
Notes
References
Index
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