Cloth $49.95 ISBN: 9780842527156 Published May 2010

Critique of Christian Origins

A Parallel English-Arabic Text

Abd al-Jabbar

Critique of Christian Origins

Abd al-Jabbar

Distributed for Brigham Young University

Translated, introduced, and annotated by Gabriel Said Reynolds and Samir Khalil Samir
249 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2010
Cloth $49.95 ISBN: 9780842527156 Published May 2010

In the Critique of Christian Origins Abd al-Jabbār—the leading Muslim intellectual of the late tenth century—develops what might be considered the first Islamic history of Christianity, analyzing the Bible, church rituals, and miracles. Unlike Muslim scholars before him, Abd al-Jabbār criticizes Christianity not only theologically but also on historical grounds. He argues that the schemes of secular and religious leaders led to the suppression of the Islamic religion of Jesus and the creation of Christianity in its place. The Critique of Christian Origins contains a wealth of information on the ideological contours of Abd al-Jabbār’s time, including perspectives on Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, and several sects within Islam itself, in addition to Christianity. 

This edition, which includes a fully vocalized Arabic edition of the text and a complete English translation accompanied by detailed explanatory notes, a glossary, a bibliography, and three indexes, makes this important work readily accessible to students and specialists alike.


Abbreviations and Other Conventions

Foreword to the Series


Translator’s Introduction


Part One – Introduction


Muhammad’s report on Christian doctrine in the Qur’rān as proof of his prophethood


Nestorians, no different from other Christians, teach invalid doctrines


On the invalidity of pre-Islamic religions and the current threat of the Qarāmita


Muhammad’s report on Christianity


Part Two – Doctrine


Christians believe in three gods, despite their claims


Christ was only a servant of God


Heterodox Muslims also rely on speculation and esotericism


Christians misinterpret metaphorical language in the Bible


Christ, as Muhammad proclaimed, was not crucified


This logical argument of recognition can be used to disprove the claims of other religious groups


Large groups cannot conceal or fabricate accounts


The attempts of the Shī’a, Christians, and Qarāmita to invalidate Sunnī Islam are misguided


The authentic Passion account proves that Jesus was not crucified


Various arguments against the crucifixion and divinity of Christ


A defense of the statement in Qur’ān 5:116 regarding Mary



Part Three – Practice


Christian practice, like their doctrine, is contrary to the teachings and actions of Christ


Historical accounts of how the Islamic religion of Jesus was falsified: Bible


Historical accounts of how the Islamic religion of Jesus was falsified: Paul


Historical accounts of how the Islamic religion of Jesus was falsified: Constantine


On Christian practice and its origin


On moral corruption in Byzantine society


Against the Christian apologetical argument based on miracles


On the false claims of various sects


On the Christian claim that their religion was established by miracles


Against the Christian apologetical argument based on austerity


That Christianity is not the religion of Christ can be seen from the Bible


Flaws of the Bible


False reports of miracles that Christians use as evidence for their religion


Christian leaders seek to control Christians through deception


Glossary of Technical Terms in the Translation


‘Abd al-Jabbār – Published Works

‘Abd al- Jabbār – Islamic Biographies

Early (through the fourth/tenth century) Islamic Anti-Christian Polemics

Early (through the fourth/tenth century) Christian Arabic Apologies

Secondary Sources on ‘Abd al- Jabbār and the Critique of Christian Origins

Index of Arabic Names and Terms

Index of Citations and References

Index of People, Places and Subjects

Review Quotes
Bulletin of the Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies

“The Islamic Translation Series . . . has established itself as one of the most valuable resources available to scholars of Islamic theology and Arab philosophy.”

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