Critique of Christian Origins

A Parallel English-Arabic Text

Abd al-Jabbar

Abd al-Jabbar

Distributed for Brigham Young University

Translated, introduced, and annotated by Gabriel Said Reynolds and Samir Khalil Samir
249 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2010
Cloth $49.95 ISBN: 9780842527156 Published May 2010

In the Critique of Christian Origins Abd al-Jabbār—the leading Muslim intellectual of the late tenth century—develops what might be considered the first Islamic history of Christianity, analyzing the Bible, church rituals, and miracles. Unlike Muslim scholars before him, Abd al-Jabbār criticizes Christianity not only theologically but also on historical grounds. He argues that the schemes of secular and religious leaders led to the suppression of the Islamic religion of Jesus and the creation of Christianity in its place. The Critique of Christian Origins contains a wealth of information on the ideological contours of Abd al-Jabbār’s time, including perspectives on Judaism, Zoroastrianism, Manichaeism, and several sects within Islam itself, in addition to Christianity. 

This edition, which includes a fully vocalized Arabic edition of the text and a complete English translation accompanied by detailed explanatory notes, a glossary, a bibliography, and three indexes, makes this important work readily accessible to students and specialists alike.

Bulletin of the Royal Institute for Inter-Faith Studies

“The Islamic Translation Series . . . has established itself as one of the most valuable resources available to scholars of Islamic theology and Arab philosophy.”

Contents

Abbreviations and Other Conventions

Foreword to the Series

Preface

Translator’s Introduction

 

Part One – Introduction

 

Muhammad’s report on Christian doctrine in the Qur’rān as proof of his prophethood

 

Nestorians, no different from other Christians, teach invalid doctrines

 

On the invalidity of pre-Islamic religions and the current threat of the Qarāmita

 

Muhammad’s report on Christianity

 

Part Two – Doctrine

 

Christians believe in three gods, despite their claims

 

Christ was only a servant of God

 

Heterodox Muslims also rely on speculation and esotericism

 

Christians misinterpret metaphorical language in the Bible

 

Christ, as Muhammad proclaimed, was not crucified

 

This logical argument of recognition can be used to disprove the claims of other religious groups

 

Large groups cannot conceal or fabricate accounts

 

The attempts of the Shī’a, Christians, and Qarāmita to invalidate Sunnī Islam are misguided

 

The authentic Passion account proves that Jesus was not crucified

 

Various arguments against the crucifixion and divinity of Christ

 

A defense of the statement in Qur’ān 5:116 regarding Mary

 

 

Part Three – Practice

 

Christian practice, like their doctrine, is contrary to the teachings and actions of Christ

 

Historical accounts of how the Islamic religion of Jesus was falsified: Bible

 

Historical accounts of how the Islamic religion of Jesus was falsified: Paul

 

Historical accounts of how the Islamic religion of Jesus was falsified: Constantine

 

On Christian practice and its origin

 

On moral corruption in Byzantine society

 

Against the Christian apologetical argument based on miracles

 

On the false claims of various sects

 

On the Christian claim that their religion was established by miracles

 

Against the Christian apologetical argument based on austerity

 

That Christianity is not the religion of Christ can be seen from the Bible

 

Flaws of the Bible

 

False reports of miracles that Christians use as evidence for their religion

 

Christian leaders seek to control Christians through deception

 

Glossary of Technical Terms in the Translation

Bibliographies

‘Abd al-Jabbār – Published Works

‘Abd al- Jabbār – Islamic Biographies

Early (through the fourth/tenth century) Islamic Anti-Christian Polemics

Early (through the fourth/tenth century) Christian Arabic Apologies

Secondary Sources on ‘Abd al- Jabbār and the Critique of Christian Origins

Index of Arabic Names and Terms

Index of Citations and References

Index of People, Places and Subjects

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