Alaska at War, 1941-1945

The Forgotten War Remembered

Edited by Fern Chandonnet

Edited by Fern Chandonnet

Distributed for University of Alaska Press

474 pages | black and white photos | 8-1/2 x 11 | © 2008
Paper $29.95 ISBN: 9781602230132 Published September 2007
Over the course of the past two hundred years, only one United States territory has experienced foreign occupation: Alaska. Available for the first time in paperback, Alaska at War brings readers face to face with the North Pacific front in World War II. Wide-ranging essays cover the war as seen by Alaskan eyes, including the Japanese invasion of the Attu and Kiska islands, the effects of the war on Aleutian Islanders, and the American campaign to recover occupied territory. Whether you’re a historian or a novice student interested in this pivotal period of American history, Alaska at War provides fascinating insight into the background, history, and cultural impact of war on the Alaskan homefront.
Contents

ALASKA AT WAR

 

 

Georgeanne L Reynolds

 

            Introduction and Acknowledgments

 

 

 

KEYNOTE ADDRESSES

 

 

Dean C. Allard

 

            Naval Views on the North Pacific before and during the World War II

 

William A. Jacobs

 

            American National Strategy in the Asian and Pacific War

 

M.V. Bezeau

 

Strategic Cooperation: The Canadian Commitment to the Defense of Alaska in the Second World War

Brian Garfield

 

            The Thousand-Mile War: World War II in Alaska and the Aleutians

 

Hisashi Takahashi

 

            The Japanese Campaign in Alaska

 

Alvin D. Coox

 

            Reflecting on the Alaska Theater in Pacific War Operations, 1942-1945

 

Buck Delkettie

 

            An Alaskan Scout Remembers

 

William Draper

 

            A Brush with War

 

George F. Earle

 

            Painting with the Tenth Mountain

 

 

 

WAR IN THE NORTH PACIFIC

 

 

B.B. Talley and Virginia  M. Talley

 

            Building Alaska’s Defenses in World War II

 

Admiral James Russell

 

            Recollections of Dutch Harbor, Attu, and Kiska in World War II

 

William S. Hanable

 

            Theobald Revisited

 

Fern Chandonnet

 

            The Recapture of Attu

 

Alastair Neely

 

            The First Special Service Force and Canadian Involvement at Kiska

 

Galen R. Perras

 

Canada’s Greenlight force and the Invasion of Kiska, 1943

George F. Earle

 

            Kiska: Birth of a Division

 

Teruo Nishijima

 

            Recalling the Battle of Attu

 

Gary J. Candelaria

 

            Tin Can at War: The USS “Monaghan” and the War in Alaska

 

Karl Kaoru Kasukabe

 

            The Escape of the Japanese Garrison from Kiska

 

M. Joseph Leahy

 

            The Coast Guard at War in Alaska

 

Ralph M. Bartholomew

 

            The Tenth Emergency Rescue Boat Squadron, Eleventh Army Air Force

 

Joseph M. May and Harold Steinhoff

 

            Life of Adak, 1942-1944

 

Steven M Morrisette

 

            The Story of Three B-24s, Fairbanks, 1942

 

            The Man who Walked out of Charley River

 

 

 

DEFENDING THE TERRITORY

 

 

Zachary Irwin

 

            Search and Rescue in the Air Transport Command, 1943-1945

 

Chris Wooley and Mike Martz

 

            The Tundra Army: Patriots of Arctic Alaska

 

Ray Hudson

 

            Aleuts in Defense of their Homeland

 

 

 

THE ALASKA HIGHWAY

 

 

Heath Twichell

 

            The Wartime Alaska Highway: Boon or Boondoggle?

 

William R. Hunt and Alex Hunt

 

            The Wrong Route: Donald MacDonald and the Alaska Highway

 

Norman Bush

 

            The Alcan Saga, 1942-1943

 

Harry Yost

 

            Snapshots from a Soldier’s Scrapbook

 

Jane Haigh

 

Roadside Development along the Alaska Highway: The Impact of World War II on Military Construction on the Alaska Highway Corridor

 

 

WAR’S IMPACT ON THE HOME FRONT

 

 

David A. Hales

 

            World War II in Alaska: A View from the Diaries of Ernest Gruening

 

Stephen W. Haycox

 

            Mining the Federal Government: The War and the All-American City

 

Bob King

 

            The Salmon Industry at War

 

Michael Burwell

 

            The SS “Northwestern”: The Ship that Always Came Back

 

Frank Norris

 

Hollywood, Alaska, and Politics: The Impact of World War II on Films about the North Country

W. Connor Sorensen

 

            The Civilian Conservation Corp in Alaska and National Preparedness

 

Helen Butcher

 

            My Alaska War Years, 1941-1946

 

Gaye L. Goerig

 

            The Civilian Population—Seldovia

 

Timothy Rawson

 

            World War II through “The Alaska Sportsman” Magazine

 

Ronald K. Inouye

 

For Immediate Sale: Tokyo Bathhouse—How World War II Affected Alaska’s Japanese Civilians

Nancy Yaw Davis

 

            Childhood Memories of the War: Sitka

 

 

 

MINORITIES IN ALASKA’S MILITARY

 

 

Lael Morgan

 

            Race Relations and the Contributions of Minority Troops in Alaska

 

Charles Hendricks

 

            A Challenge to the Status Quo?

 

Sylvia K. Kobayashi

 

            I Remember What I Want to Forget

 

 

ALEUT RELOCATION AND RESTITUTION

 

 

Dean Kohlhoff

 

            ‘It Only Makes My Heart Want to Cry’: How Aleuts Faced the Pain of Evacuation

 

            The Politics of Restitution

 

Henry Steward

 

            Aleuts in Japan, 1942-1945

 

Marie Matsuno Nash, Office of Sen. Stevens

 

            An Alaskan Who Was Interned Introduces Remarks by Senator Ted Stevens

 

Flore Lekanof Sr.

 

            Aleut Evacuation: Effect on the People

 

 

 

LEND-LEASE

 

 

Baker B. Beard

 

            The Bradley Mission: The Evolution of the Alaska-Siberia Air Route

 

Daniel L. Haulman

 

            The Northwest Staging Route

 

Tat’iana Kosheleva

 

            The Construction and Use of the Fairanks-Kranoiarsk Air Route, 1942-1945

 

Alexander B. Dolitsky

 

            Alaska-Siberia Lend Lease to Russia

 

David S. Raisman

 

            The Alaska-Siberia Friendship Route

 

Richard A. Russell

 

            The Hula Operation

 

 

 

HISTORIC PRESERVATION

 

 

Larry Murphy and Daniel Lenihan

 

            Underwater Archeology of the World War II Aleutian Campaign

 

Charles E. Diters

 

Attu and Kiska, 2043: How Much of the Past Can the Present Save for the Future?

Linda Cook

 

            The Landscape of a Landmark: Strategies for Preservation

 

Barbara S. Smith

 

            Making it Right: Restitution for Aleut Churches Damaged in World War II

 

Jack E. Sinclair

 

Turning the Forgotten into the Remembered: The making of Caines Head State Recreation Area

R. Bruce Parham

 

Right Before your Eyes: Finding Alaska’s World War II Records in the National Archives

 

 

THE WAR’S AFTERMATH

 

 

John H. Cloe

 

            The Legacy of the War

 

John T. Farquhar

 

Northern Shield and Drawn Arrow: Alaska’s Role in Air Force Reconnaissance Efforts, 1946-1948

Janice Reeve Ogle

 

            The Air Route Nobody Wanted: Reeve Aleutian Airways

 

Leo J. Hannan

 

A Legacy of World Warf II: Alaska Territorial Guard/Alaska State Guard

Gwynneth Gminder Wilson

 

            A Well-Kept Secret

 

John Cloe, Elmer Freeman, and Lael Morgan

 

            Writing about the War

 

 

 

R. Bruce Parham

 

            Selected bibliography

 

 

 

            Index

 

 

 

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