Cloth $69.95 ISBN: 9780842528405 Published April 2015

The Alexandrian Epitomes of Galen

Volume 1: On the Medical Sects for Beginners; The Small Art of Medicine; On the Elements According to the Opinion of Hippocrates. A Parallel English-Arabic Text

Translated, Annotated, and with an Introduction by John Walbridge

The Alexandrian Epitomes of Galen

Translated, Annotated, and with an Introduction by John Walbridge

Distributed for Brigham Young University

544 pages | 6 x 9 | © 2014
Cloth $69.95 ISBN: 9780842528405 Published April 2015
The second-century physician and philosopher Galen is not known for brevity. Although his writings on medicine are famously verbose and numerous, for centuries they constituted much of the standard syllabi for medical students. About fourteen hundred years ago, one or possibly several professors put together a series of epitomes of Galen’s work. In contrast to Galen’s rambling and argumentative style, these epitomes present the material dryly but clearly, offering systematic categorizations of concepts, symptoms, diseases, and organs. Originally written in Greek, The Alexandrian Epitomes of Galen can also be found in Arabic and Hebrew translations, and the epitomes have had a particularly profound influence on medical literature in the Arab world. This new edition presents the Arabic and English versions side by side, with a fresh, modern, and authoritative translation by scholar John Walbridge. Often cited in medical texts in the following centuries, these epitomes present an admirably clear survey of Galenism as it was understood at the very end of antiquity.  
Contents
Foreword to the Series
Preface
Introduction
The Alexandrian Medical Curriculum
The Alexandrian epitomes
The Edition and translation
Abbreviations and Conventions
*             *             *
Preliminary glosses
Manuscript table of contents
The eight heads
A gloss on the art of medicine
*             *             *
The Alexandrian Epitome of Galen’s Book
On the Medical sects
-The parts of medicine
-The sects of medicine
-Commentary on chapter 1: The definition of medicine
-Commentary on chapter 2: Medical experience
-Commentary on chapter 3: The necessary causes; The differences between the Empiricists and the Rationalists
-Commentary on chapter 4: The Rationalists’ criticism of the Empiricists
-Commentary on chapter 5: The Empiricists’ criticism of the Rationalists
-Commentary on chapter 6: The opinions of the Methodists
-Commentary on chapter 7: The differences among the sects
-Commentary on chapter 8: Galen’s criticism of the Methodists
-Commentary on chapter 9: The Empiricists’ criticism of the Methodists
-Commentary on chapter 10: The Rationalists’ criticism of the Methodists
*             *             *
The Alexandrian Epitome of Galen’s Book Known as
The Small Art of Medicine
Introduction: Methods of Instruction
Chapter 1: The definition of Medicine
Chapter 2: Bodies
Chapter 3: Signs
Chapter 4: The best states of health
Chapter 5: The genera of the organs
Chapter 6: The diagnosis of the brain
Chapter 7: The moderate temperament of the brain
Chapter 8: Immoderate temperament of the brain
Chapter 9: The temperament of the eye; The structure of the eye
Chapter 10: The temperament of the heart
Chapter 11: Compound temperaments of the heart
Chapter 12: The temperament of the liver
Chapter 13: The temperament of the testicles
Chapter 14: The temperament of the entire body—that is, the flesh
Chapter 15: Its single temperaments
Chapter 16: Its compound temperaments
Chapter 17: The temperament of the stomach
Chapter 18: The temperament of the lungs
Chapter 19: Disorders
Chapter 20: Diagnosis of diseased states
Chapters 21 and 22: Signs
Chapter 23: Causes
Chapter 24: The causes of health
Chapter 25: The cure of diseases
Chapter 26: Classes of organic diseases and their treatments
Chapter 27: Dissolution of continuity
Chapter 28: Treatment, prophylaxis, and convalescence
*             *             *
The Alexandrian Epitome of Galen’s Book
On the Elements According to the Opinion of Hippocrates
The eight headings to the epitome of Galen’s On the Elements
Chapter 1: The genera of the elements
Chapter 2: Their disagreement about the elements; The difference between the element and the principle; The principle of things
Chapter 3: Whether the elements sense and suffer; The occurrence of pain; Compounds; The tools of inference; The refutation of the others’ arguments; Their views on the elements; Their disagreements about the temperament; The genera of qualities; The compound by contiguity; Absurdities; A syllogism, premises, and conclusion
Chapter 4: That the element is not numerically one
Chapter 5: That human bodies do not come to be from a single humor
Chapter 6: Hot and cold
Chapter 7: The states of bodies; Alteration of quality and quantity; Instruction
Chapter 8: Compounds
Chapter 9: The qualities; Their disagreement about titles of books on the elements; Their disagreement about the temperament; Two bodies
Chapter 10: What is said to be potential
Chapter 11: Their disagreement about the humors; The rest of the drugs; The division of the elements
Chapters 12 and 13: Their disagreement about drugs
Chapter 14: The location of the humors
*             *             *
Appendix 1: Greek and Islamicate Physicians
Appendix 2: The Three Schools of Medicine
Appendix 3: The Structure and Terminology of the Eye in the Epitome of The Small Art
Arabic-Greek-English Glossary
Bibliography
Index
                English
                Greek
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