Cloth $80.00 ISBN: 9780226437491 Published January 1995

The Wet and the Dry

Irrigation and Agricultural Intensification in Polynesia

Patrick Vinton Kirch

The Wet and the Dry
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Patrick Vinton Kirch

408 pages | 113 figures, 15 tables, frontispiece | 6 x 9 | © 1994
Cloth $80.00 ISBN: 9780226437491 Published January 1995
Scholars and researchers have long believed that the ability to irrigate is crucial to the development of civilizations. In this book, archaeologist Patrick Kirch challenges this "hydraulic hypothesis" and provides a more accurate and detailed account of the role of "wet" and "dry" cultivation systems in the development of complex sociopolitical structures.

Examining research on cultural adaptation and ecology in Western Polynesia and utilizing extensive data from a variety of important South Pacific sites, Kirch not only reveals how particular systems of production developed within the constraints imposed by environmental conditions, but also explores the tension that arises between contrasting productive systems with differential abilities to produce surplus. He shows that the near total neglect of short-fallow dryland cultivation, as well as arboriculture, or tree-cropping, has seriously distorted the picture that archaeologists and anthropologists have of agricultural intensification and its relation to complex social structure.

This work, likely to become a classic, will be central to all future discussions of the ecology and politics of agricultural intensification.
List of Figures
List of Tables
1: Introduction
2: Ethnographic Orientations
3: The Agricultural Landscape
4: Crops
5: The Dry: Shifting Cultivation
6: The Wet: Taro Irrigation
7: Nuku: An Agro-Economic System in Sigave
8: The Political Economy of Production
9: Archaeological Perspectives on Futunan Irrigation and Land Use
10: Hawaii
11: Mangaia
12: Tikopia
13: Agricultural Change as History and Process
Appendix: A Note on Field Methods: Futuna-Alofi, 1974
Glossary of Futunan Terms
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