Parents and Peers in Social Development

A Sullivan-Piaget Perspective

James Youniss

Parents and Peers in Social Development
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James Youniss

320 pages | © 1980
Paper $26.00 ISBN: 9780226964867 Published April 1982
Most studies of social development in children have relied on the assumption that adults' instructions to children pass on knowledge of the rules of behavior which govern and preserve society. In this volume, James Youniss argues that the child's relations with his or her friends and peers make a distinctive and critically important contribution to social development. While the child's relations with parents and other adults provide a sense of order and authority, peer relations are a source of sensitivity, self-understanding, and interpersonal cooperation.

Following a discussion of the views of Harry Stack Sullivan and Jean Piaget, whose theories are synthesized in Youniss's perspective, Youniss presents a wealth of empirical data from studies in which children describe their own views of their two social worlds.
1. The Sullivan-Piaget Thesis
2. Rationale of the Thesis
3. Research Strategy
4. Kindness in Two Relations
5. Additional Studies of Kindness
6. Unkindness in Two Relations
7. Reciprocity in Kindness and Unkindness
8. From Reciprocal Practice to Cooperation
9. Children's Definitions of Friendship
10. The Natural Histories of Friendships
11. Offenses and Their Repair
12. Reciprocity: Ideal Principle and Real Practice
13. Transitions to Adolescence in Two Relations
14. A General Perspective in Development
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