The Protestant Temperament
Patterns of Child-Rearing, Religious Experience, and the Self in Early America
Part One - Prologue
I. Patterns for the Past
A Historian's Past: Patterns of Thought and Religious Belief in Early America
The Persistence of Piety
Temperament and the Self
Childhood, Temperament, and Religious Experience
Toward a New Paradigm
Part Two - The Evangelicals: The Self Suppressed
II. Authoritarian Families: Modes of Evangelical Child-Rearing
Pious Parents, Precious Mothers
Embryo-Angels or Infant Fiends?
Broken Wills: Discipline and Parental Control
Regular Methods of Living: External Discipline in Evangelical Households
Shaping the Evangelical Conscience: Shame, Guilt, and Inner Discipline
The Vanities, Pleasures, and Sins of Youth: The Emergence of Self and Self-Will
III. "A Habitation of Dragons": Themes of Evangelical Temperaments and Piety
The New Birth
"Our Loathsome Corruption and Pollution": Attitudes Toward the Body
"That Monster, Self"
Broken Wills and Tender Hearts
Authoritarian Temperaments: Evangelical Responses to Power
Soldiers for Christ: Anger, Aggression, and Enemies
Brides of Christ: Femininity, Masculinity, and Sexuality
The Quest for Purity
Part Three - The Moderates: The Self Controlled
IV. Authoritative Families: Moderate Modes of Child-Rearing
The Household Setting
Bending the Will: Moderate Discipline and Voluntary Obedience
"Planting the Seeds of Virtue" in Childhood and Youth
Love and Duty: The Obligations of Connection
V. Sober, Virtuous, and Pious People: Themes of Moderate Temperaments and Piety
A Sense of Connections: Organicism and the Chain of Being
"This Contrariety in Man": The Frailties of Human Nature
Self-Approbation and Self-Love
"The Due Government of the Passions": Self-Control and the Temperate Self-Denial
"The Liberty of the Human Will"
"Habits of Piety and Virtue"
The Renovation of Nature and the Growth of Grace
"The Bewitching Charms of Despotic Sovereignty": The Boundaries of Power
"The Choice of Hercules": Manliness or Effeminacy?
Unbounded Passions: Ambition, Avarice, and Anger
Diversity and Order in Church and Community
Part Four - The Genteel: The Self Asserted
VI. Affectionate Families: Genteel Modes of Child-Rearing
"Our Family Circle"
"Children Much Indulged"
Surrogate Parents: Nurses and Servants in the Genteel Household
"To Curb Their Children Is to Spoil Their Genius"
From Feminine to Masculine: The Emergence of a Young Gentleman
"The Great School of the World": Educating Young Gentlemen
To Become "a Notable Housewife" and "Mother": Educating Young Ladies
"One Continued Scene of Idleness and Dissipation": The Pleasures of Genteel Youth
VII. "A Polite and Hospitable People": Themes of Genteel Temperaments and Piety
Unexamined Selves: The Outward Turning of Consciousness
The Self Indulged
Part Five - Epilogue
VIII. The Clash of Temperaments: Some Reflections on the First American Civil War
"An American Monarchy or Republic?"
Mother Country, Father-King: Perceptions of Power and Authority
The Nature of Liberty
Effeminate or Manly?: Seduction, Temptation, and Political Paranoia
A Revolution of Saints
The Republic of Virtue Rejected