Painting the Difference
Sex and Spectator in Modern Art
Arguing that the representation of women in art was crucial to the character of modernity, Harrison traces the history of female subjects as they began to gaze out of the picture to confront and engage their viewers. Combining sweeping conceptual history with telling investigations into the details of particular paintings, Painting the Difference deciphers the implications of sexual difference for the development of nineteenth- and twentieth-century art. Harrison shows how artists, reflecting the underlying anxieties of the time about gender, used female subjects' gazes both to create a sexualized relationship between these subjects and their viewers, and to simultaneously question that relationship. In considering works by artists such as Renoir, Manet, Degas, Cézanne, Picasso, and Matisse, as well as Rothko, Warhol, Cindy Sherman, and many more, Harrison incorporates elements of cultural criticism and social history into his arguments, and generous color illustrations permit the reader to test Harrison's claims against the works on which they are based. Rich with detail and compelling analysis, Painting the Difference offers cutting-edge interpretation grounded in the reality of magnificent works of art.
Introductions and Acknowledgments
I. Looking Out, Looking In
1. The Picture Plane
II. Fantasy and Imagination
III. Modern Feeling
5. Degas, Part One
6. Degas, Part Two
7. Morisot and Cassatt: "A Woman's Painting"
IV. Public and Private
8. The Early Twentieth Century
10. Matisse and Bonnard: "Painting the Emotions"
V. Painting the Unseen
12. The Later Twentieth Century