Philanthropy in Democratic Societies
History, Institutions, Values
The contributors balance empirical and normative approaches, exploring both the roles philanthropy has actually played in societies and the roles it should play. They ask a multitude of questions: When is philanthropy good or bad for democracy? How does, and should, philanthropic power interact with expectations of equal citizenship and democratic political voice? What makes the exercise of philanthropic power legitimate? What forms of private activity in the public interest should democracy promote, and what forms should it resist? Examining these and many other topics, the contributors offer a vital assessment of philanthropy at a time when its power to affect public outcomes has never been greater.
Introduction / Philanthropy in Democratic Societies
Rob Reich, Lucy Bernholz, and Chiara Cordelli
Part I: Origins
One / Altruism and the Origins of Nonprofit Philanthropy
Two / Why Is the History of Philanthropy Not a Part of American History?
Three / On the Role of Foundations in Democracies
Part II: Institutional Forms
Four / Contributory or Disruptive: Do New Forms of Philanthropy Erode Democracy?
Aaron Horvath and Walter W. Powell
Five / Reconciling Corporate Social Responsibility and Profitability: Guidelines for the Conscientious Manager
Six / When Is Philanthropy? How the Tax Code’s Answer to This Question Has Given Rise to the Growth of Donor-Advised Funds and Why It’s a Problem
Ray D. Madoff
Seven / Creating Digital Civil Society: The Digital Public Library of America
Part III: Moral Grounds and Limits
Eight / The Free-Provider Problem: Private Provision of Public Responsibilities
Nine / Philanthropy and Democratic Ideals
Ten / Reparative Justice and the Moral Limits of Discretionary Philanthropy
List of Contributors