Logic and the Art of Memory
The Quest for a Universal Language
Based on comprehensive analyses of original texts, Rossi traces the development of this idea from late medieval thinkers such as Ramon Lull through Bruno, Bacon, Descartes, and finally Leibniz in the seventeenth century. The search for a symbolic mode of communication that would be intelligible to everyone was not a mere vestige of magical thinking and occult sciences, but a fundamental component of Renaissance and Enlightenment thought. Seen from this perspective, modern science and combinatorial logic represent not a break from the past but rather its full maturity.
Available for the first time in English, this book (originally titled Clavis Universalis) remains one of the most important contributions to the history of ideas ever written. In addition to his eagerly anticipated translation, Steven Clucas offers a substantial introduction that places this book in the context of other recent works on this fascinating subject. A rich history and valuable sourcebook, Logic and the Art of Memory documents an essential chapter in the development of human reason.
Preface to the second edition
I. The Power of Images and the Places of Memory
II. Encylopaedism and Combinatoria in the Sixteenth Century
III. Theatres of the World
IV. The Imaginative Logic of Giordano Bruno
V. Artificial Memory and the New Scientific Method: Ramus, Bacon, and Descartes
VI. Encyclopaedism and pansophia
VII. The Construction of a Universal Language
VIII. the Sources of Leibniz's Universal Character
I. The Liber ad memoriam confirmandam of Ramon Lull
II. An anonymous vernacular treatise of the fourteenth century
III. Two fifteenth-century manuscripts on the ars memorativa
IV. Documents on the activities of Pietro de Ravenna
V. Three late sixteenth-century manuscripts on the ars memorativa
VI. Petrarch as teacher of the art of memory
VII. An unpublished text by Giulio Camillo
VIII. Memory exercises in seventeenth-century Germany
IX. The article on 'L'art mnémonique' from Diderot's encyclopaedia
X. D'Alembert and 'real characters'