Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Edited by Marvalee H. Wake

Hyman's Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
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Edited by Marvalee H. Wake

795 pages | 243 figures, 5 tables | 6-3/4 x 10 | © 1922, 1949, 1979
Paper $62.50 ISBN: 9780226870137 Published September 1992
Contents
Preface to the Third Edition
1. General Considerations of Animal Form
A. Introduction
B. Major Considerations in Morphology
References
2. The Phylum Chordata: Classification, External Anatomy, and Adaptive Radiation
A. Classification
B. Adaptive Radiation
C. What Is a Chordate?
D. Characteristics of the Vertebrates
E. The Vertebrate Groups
F. Patterns in Vertebrate Evolution
References
3. Essential Features of Lower Types
A. Phylum Hemichordata: A Prechordate Group
B. The Lower Chordates, Subphylum Urochordata
C. The Lower Chordates, Subphylum Cephalochordata
D. Class Cyclostomata
References
4. General Features of Chordate Development
A. The Egg
B. Cleavage and Blastulation
C. Gastrulation
D. Formation of Mesoderm
E. Formation of the Neural Tube and Notochord
F. Cells and Tissue Interactions
G. Differentiation and Derivation
H. Sources of Energy during Development
References
5. The Comparative Anatomy of the Integumental Skeleton
Part 1: The Underlying Homology
A. Introduction
B. Some Developmental Considerations
C. Summary of Part 1
Part 2: The Variation in End Products
D. The Integumental-Environmental Interface
E. The Keratinized Integumental Skeleton
F. The Ossified Integumental Skeleton
G. Integumental Color
H. Summary of Part 2
References
6. The Endoskeleton: The Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebral Column and Ribs
A. General Considerations on the Endoskeleton
B. Anatomy and Embryonic Origin of Vertebrate and Ribs
C. Vertebral Columns of Some Archaic Fishes
D. Vertebral Column of the Dogfish
E. Vertebral Column of Teleosts
F. Endoskeletal Fin Supports of Fishes
G. Vertebral Column of Amphibia
H. Vertebral Column of Reptiles and Amniotes in General
I. Vertebral Column of Birds
J. Vertebral Column of Mammals
K. Summary
References
7. The Endoskeleton: The Comparative Anatomy of the Girdles, the Sternum, and the Paired Appendages
A. General Considerations
B. The Pelvic Girdle and the Posterior Appendages
C. The Pectoral Girdle, the Sternum, and the Anterior Paired Appendages
D. Some Variation of the Appendicular Skeleton in Tetrapods
E. Summary
References
8. The Endoskeleton: The Comparative Anatomy of the Skull and the Visceral Skeleton
A. Introduction: The Concept of the Skull
B. The Chondrocranium
C. The Splachnocranium
D. The Dermatocranium
E. The Composition of the Complete Skull: Characterization of the Primitive Tetrapod Skull
F. The Teeth
G. The Modern Amphibian Skull Exemplified by Necturus
H. The Reptilian Skull Exemplified by the Alligator or Caiman
I. The Mammalian Skull Exemplified by the Opossum and the Cat
J. Summary
References
9. The Comparative Anatomy of the Muscular System
A. Introduction
B. Generalized Vertebrate Musculature as Exemplified by the Dogfish
C. Early Tetrapod Musculature, Exemplified by Necturus
D. Reptilian Musculature
E. Avian Musculature
F. Mammalian Musculature
G. Summary
References
10. The Comparative Anatomy of the Coelom and of the Digestive and Respiratory Systems
A. Introduction
B. The Coelom and Mesenteries
C. The Digestive Tract and Associated Structures
D. Respiratory Structures
E. The Alimentary Canal
F. The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of Elasmobranchs
G. The Respiratory and Digestive Systems of a Bony Fish
H. The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of Necturus
I. The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of the Turtle
J. The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of the Pigeon
K. The Coelom and the Digestive and Respiratory Systems of Mammals
L. Summary
References
11. The Comparative Anatomy of the Circulatory System
A. Introduction
B. Parts of the Circulatory System
C. Development of the Vascular System
D. Structure and Evolution of the Vascular System
E. Functional Anatomy and the Evolution of the Heart
F. Special Adaptations of the Vascular System
G. The Circulatory System of Elasmobranchs
H. The Circulatory System of Necturus
I. The Circulatory System of the Turtle
J. The Circulatory System of the Pigeon
K. The Circulatory System of Mammals
L. Summary
References
12. The Comparative Anatomy of the Urogenital System
A. Introduction
B. The Urogenital System of Selachians
C. The Urogenital System of Necturus
D. The Urogenital System of the Turtle
E. The Urogenital System of the Pigeon
F. The Urogenital System of Mammals
G. Summary
References
13. The Comparative Anatomy of the Nervous System and the Sense Organs
A. General Considerations
B. The Nervous System and Sense Organs of Elasmobranchs
C. The Nervous System and Sense Organs of the Perch (Perca)
D. The Nervous System and Sense Organs of Necturus
E. The Nervous System and Sense Organs of the Painted Turtle (Chrysemys)
F. The Nervous System and Sense Organs of the Pigeon
G. The Nervous System and Sense Organs of Mammals
H. Summary
References
List of Contributors
Index
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