The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform
The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform compares the gendered outcomes of social security systems in Chile, Argentina, and Mexico, and presents empirical findings from Eastern and Central European transition economies as well as several OECD countries. Women’s positions have improved relative to men in countries where joint pensions have been required, widows who have worked can keep the joint pension in addition to their own benefit, the public benefit has been targeted toward low earners, and women’s retirement age has been raised to equality with that of men. The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform will force economists and policy makers to reexamine the design features that enable social security systems to achieve desirable gender outcomes.
One / Why Do Social Security Systems and Social Security Reforms Have a Gender Impact?
Two / Living Arrangements and Standards of Elderly Men and Women
Three / How Do We Measure the Impact of Social Security Systems and Reforms?
Four / Chile
Five / Argentina
Six / Mexico
Seven / Gender Issues in Social Security Reforms of Other Regions
Eight / Design Features That Determine Gender Outcomes
Nine / Conclusion
“Changes in longevity and fertility, and persistent increases in healthcare costs, are driving us rapidly toward solvency crises in our entitlement programs. As we confront necessities for reform, experience from other countries can suggest options and evidence of what may work. The Gender Impact of Social Security Reform contributes very knowledgeable and in-depth discussions of Social Security reform in Chile, Argentina, and Mexico—paying particular attention to the changing needs and economic roles of women.”