Fire and Desire
Mixed-Race Movies in the Silent Era
Fire and Desire offers a penetrating look at the black independent film movement during the silent period. Gaines traces the profound influence that D. W. Griffith's racist epic The Birth of a Nation exerted on black filmmakers such as Oscar Micheaux, the director of the newly recovered Within Our Gates. Beginning with What Happened in the Tunnel, a movie that played with race and sex taboos by featuring the first interracial kiss in film, Gaines also explores the cinematic constitution of self and other through surprise encounters: James Baldwin sees himself in the face of Bette Davis, family resemblance is read in Richard S. Robert's portrait of an interracial family, and black film pioneer George P. Johnson looks back on Micheaux.
Given the impossibility of purity and the co-implication of white and black, Fire and Desire ultimately questions the category of "race movies" itself.
Note on Film Dates
Introduction - The "Race" in Race Movies
1. "Green Like Me"
2. Desiring Others
3. Race Movies: All-Black Everything
4. World-Improving Desires
5. Fire and Desire
6. The Body's Story
Conclusion - Mixed-Race Movies
Theatre Library Association: Richard Wall Memorial Award (TLA Book Award)
Society for Cinema Studies: SCMS - Katherine Singer Kovacs Award