Cloth $91.00 ISBN: 9780226899121 Published June 1993
Paper $54.00 ISBN: 9780226899138 Published June 1993

Bread, Wine, and Money

The Windows of the Trades at Chartres Cathedral

Jane Welch Williams

Bread, Wine, and Money
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Jane Welch Williams

394 pages | 4 color plates, 119 halftones, 26 line drawings, 6 maps | 6-1/4 x 9-1/4 | © 1993
Cloth $91.00 ISBN: 9780226899121 Published June 1993
Paper $54.00 ISBN: 9780226899138 Published June 1993
At Chartres Cathedral, for the first time in medieval art, the lowest register of stained-glass windows depicts working artisans and merchants instead of noble and clerical donors. Jane Welch Williams challenges the prevailing view that pious town tradesmen donated these windows. In Bread, Wine, and Money, she uncovers a deep antagonism between the trades and the cathedral clergy in Chartres; the windows, she argues, portray not town tradesmen but trusted individuals that the fearful clergy had taken into the cloister as their own serfs.

Williams weaves a tight net of historical circumstances, iconographic traditions, exegetical implications, political motivations, and liturgical functions to explain the imagery in the windows of the trades. Her account of changing social relationships in thirteenth-century Chartres focuses on the bakers, tavern keepers, and money changers whose bread, wine, and money were used as means of exchange, tithing, and offering throughout medieval society. Drawing on a wide variety of original documents and scholarly work, this book makes important new contributions to our knowledge of one of the great monuments of Western culture.
List of Illustrations
1. The Literature and Some Modifications
2. The Historical Circumstances
3. The Offering of Bread
4. The Offering of Wine
5. The Offering of Gold and Silver Coins
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