Black Representation and Urban Policy
In exploring the factors that underlie the election of blacks to public office, the authors found that the resources of the black community itself—the size as well as the education and income of the black population—are the best predictors of blacks' winning political office. The authors' assessment of the impact of black elected officials on urban policy constitutes perhaps their most profoundly important finding. Cities with black mayors have had greater increases in social welfare expenditures than have similar communities without black mayors. The authors point out that election of blacks to mayoral posts, then, can have more than symbolic consequences for public policy.
1. Black Electoral Success: The Setting
2. Election of Blacks to Office: A Review
3. Black Mayors
4. Black City Council Candidacies and Representation
5. The Effect of Black Elected Officials: A Review
6. The Effect of Black Elected Officials: Some Preliminary Findings