Information for Authors

Founded in 1927, Social Service Review is devoted to the publication of thought-provoking, original research on social welfare policy, organization, and practice. Articles in the Review analyze issues from the points of view of various disciplines, theories, and methodological traditions, view critical problems in context, and carefully consider long-range solutions.
 

The Review features balanced, scholarly contributions from social work and social welfare scholars, as well as from members of the various allied disciplines engaged in research on human behavior, social systems, history, public policy, and social services. The journal welcomes contributions on a wide range of topics, such as child welfare, poverty, homelessness, community intervention, race and ethnicity, clinical practice, and mental health. The Review also features discerning essays and substantive, critical book reviews.
 

Social Service Review is edited by Susan J. Lambert and the faculty of the School of Social Service Administration at the University of Chicago.
 

Please address editorial correspondence to:

  Editor
Social Service Review
969 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
Telephone: (773) 702-1165; Fax: (773) 702-0874
ssr@uchicago.edu

 

This page presents information on the following elements of the journal’s policy and editorial style:
 

Preparing a Manuscript for Submission

Please note: Social Service Review does not publish and will not review works published previously or under consideration for publication elsewhere. The Review does not impose page limits, but editorial efforts to conserve space are directly related to manuscript length and to the conciseness of the argument presented. To prepare a manuscript for submission:
 

  • Authors are encouraged to optimize their article’s exposure in search engine results by constructing a title and abstract with terms and phrases that clearly describe the article’s content and that might be employed by readers searching for similar works.
  • Double-space the manuscript, setting 1-inch margins; use 12-point Times New Roman font.
  • Ensure that the title page includes only the title (i.e., does not identify the authors).
  • Provide an abstract of fewer than 150 words.
  • Ensure that no element in the manuscript jeopardizes the anonymity of the peer-review process.
  • Style: The journal will review articles formatted in any style but requires accepted manuscripts to meet the journal’s style.
  • Ensure that the manuscript file for an electronic submission is formatted in Microsoft Word, Corel WordPerfect, or Adobe PDF format. Figures, tables, and artwork may be submitted in other formats, but the journal reserves the right to request printed or reformatted copies.
  • Gather materials needed for submission:
    • The names, affiliations, and contact information (postal and e-mail addresses) for each author
    • Five printed copies or one electronic copy (if submitting electronically) of the manuscript

 

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Open Access Policy

Social Service Review authors have the option to make their accepted paper freely available online immediately upon publication. The fee for Open Access is $2,500. Contact ssr@uchicago.edu. for more information.

 

UK authors should note that this option cannot be used to comply with RCUK regulations for gold OA, as the University of Chicago Press requires permission for commercial reuse. UCP does comply with the RCUK regulations for green OA.

 

"Green" Open Access

The University of Chicago Press supports Green Open Access for all articles, as defined by the RCUK Open Access Policy, under the Press’s Guidelines for Journal Authors’ Rights.

 

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Submitting a Manuscript

Authors may submit manuscripts via our online submission system, Editorial Manager. Please upload your manuscripts at http://www.editorialmanager.com/ucp-ssr/. When you submit, you will need to:

 

 

  • Provide the names of each other, along with their affiliation, and contact information (e-mail addresses).
  • Acknowledge that the submission has not been published previously and is not being considered for publication elsewhere.
  • Ensure that no element in the manuscript jeopardizes the anonymity of the peer review process.
  • Attach an electronic copy of the manuscript in a Word document format.

 

In order to do this, you will have to register with the site. If you have any questions or problems with this process, please contact the journal office at ssr@uchicago.edu or 773-702-1165

 

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Manuscript Review and Acceptance Policy
Social Service Review evaluates manuscripts through a double-blind peer-review process that protects the anonymity of authors and reviewers. The journal reserves the right to return submitted manuscripts if the content jeopardizes the anonymity of the peer-review process. Manuscripts are reviewed by members of the editorial board and others. Although this process may take several months, the journal notifies authors of decisions.
 

The Review is devoted to the publication of original contributions. The journal does not publish and will not knowingly review works previously published or being considered for publication elsewhere. In addition, the Review does not publish multiple articles on the same subject by the same author within a single volume. Because readers come to the Review with a variety of backgrounds and interests, the journal encourages authors to present their work in language that is clear, concise, and free of professional jargon or buzzwords. The journal does not impose page limits on manuscripts, but the intensity of editorial efforts to conserve space is directly related to the length of a manuscript and to the conciseness of the argument presented.
 

Social Service Review edits accepted manuscripts for style, substance, syntax, and grammar. Authors have 1 month in which to complete any changes, and the Review retains the right to reject an article if corrections or revisions are not adequate. In a second editorial stage, copy editors from the University of Chicago Press edit manuscripts for style and consistency before giving authors an opportunity to examine and correct page proofs. Articles typically appear 6 months to 1 year after acceptance.
 

If an article or book review is accepted for publication, the Review asks the author (or authors) to relinquish the copyright to the journal’s publisher, the University of Chicago Press. In turn, the Press grants authors several rights to the use and distribution of the work. For additional information, see Guidelines for Journal Authors’ Rights or contact the journal office.
 

Social Service Review relies heavily on recommendations from editorial board members in choosing books for review and potential reviewers. The journal is unable to accept unsolicited book reviews.
 

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Letters to the Editor
Social Service Review encourages substantive dialogue on issues raised by contributions to the journal, and the journal welcomes letters to the editor:
 

  • Letters to the editor may be submitted electronically or via post (see manuscript submission instructions provided above).
  • Limit letters to 10 or fewer double-spaced pages.
  • Letters to the editor will be granted expedited review.
  • Contributors to SSR will be given the opportunity to respond to letters concerning their work.
  • Letters accepted for publication will be edited and returned for the author’s inspection.
  • The author must relinquish copyright of a letter accepted for publication.
  • Social Service Review will not publish unsigned letters.

Style

Social Service Review’s style is generally consistent with the provisions described in the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010). In matters of spelling, the journal follows Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary, 11th edition (Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 2003). Principle style provisions are detailed below.

Confidentiality
Social Service Review respects the confidentiality guidelines of authors’ institutions. In some situations, the authors may find it helpful to explain these guidelines within the manuscript. In general, individuals who are subjects of research should not be identified by name, and no information should enable a reader to infer a subject’s identity. If pseudonyms are used to avoid subject identification, the manuscript must also include a note that acknowledges the confidentiality concern and characterizes the nature of changes (e.g., use of pseudonyms, removal of identifying information) made to address the concern.
 

There are, however, limits to the principle of confidentiality. Persons in positions enjoying the public trust should generally be identified if their views are presented or their actions reported.
 

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Sexist and Ethnic Language
The Review encourages the use of inclusionary language if it is appropriate to the context. The journal defers to authors’ choices in the use of racial and ethnic language but prefers terminological consistency within the manuscript. The following provisions govern usage of common racial and ethnic terminology:
 

  • Capitalize racial terms (e.g., “African Americans,” “Caucasians,” “Latinos”).
  • Colors are not capitalized if used to represent racial groups (e.g., “black mothers,” “white mothers”).
  • Racial and ethnic designations are not generally hyphenated (e.g., “Hispanic Americans,” “African American children,” “Asian American women”).
  • Journal style does not permit the use of the virgule to combine disparate elements into such constructions as “he/she,” “his/her,” or “race/ethnicity” (instead, use “he or she,” “his or her,” or “race and ethnicity.”)

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General Text Guidelines

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS


The Review encourages economical use of abbreviations and acronyms for key terms that recur in a manuscript:

  • Use abbreviations or acronyms only for terms or phrases that appear more than three times in the manuscript.
  • If they are used, spell out the full term the first time it is used and introduce the abbreviation or acronym in parentheses.
  • Do not begin a sentence with an abbreviation or an acronym.
  • The abbreviations i.e., et al., and e.g. are used only in parentheses and in notes. They do not require definition. In text, spell out such alternatives as “that is” and “for example.” The Review does not use ibid., op. cit., and loc. cit.

QUOTATIONS


The following style points govern treatment of quotations in SSR:

  • All direct quotations must be attributed to a source, and source citations should include specific page numbers if appropriate.
  • Format quotations as an indented block only if the quotation is longer than 100 words.
  • If the manuscript includes quotations from anonymous research subjects, it should also include a confidentiality statement, which acknowledges the concerns that prevent identification of the subject and explains how those concerns affect presentation of quoted (please see the section on Confidentiality above).

HEADINGS


The Review encourages authors to indicate the structure of manuscripts through the economical use of subject headings. Journal style does not permit the placement of a heading at the start of a manuscript, the use of “Introduction” as a heading, or the use of enumeration in headings (e.g., heading 1.1, heading 1.2). The Review uses a four-level heading structure.

Level 1. The heading is set flush with the left margin. Headline-style capitalization and Roman font are used.
 

Level 2. The heading is set flush with the left margin. Headline-style capitalization is used, and the heading is italicized.
 

Level 3. The heading is indented (as at the start of a paragraph). Sentence-style capitalization is used, and the heading is italicized. The heading is followed by a period and an em dash.
 

Level 4. The heading is indented (as at the start of a paragraph). Sentence-style capitalization is used, and the heading is italicized. The heading is followed by a colon.


Examples.

Level 1:  
 

The Journal
Founded in 1927, Social Service Review is devoted….

Level 2:  
 

The Journal
Founded in 1927, Social Service Review is devoted….

Level 3:  
 

The journal.—Founded in 1927, Social Service Review is devoted….

Level 4:  
 

The journal: Founded in 1927, Social Service Review is devoted….

MISCELLANEOUS STYLE


In addition to style points discussed in this guide and in the Chicago Manual of Style (2010), Social Service Review follows several miscellaneous style provisions:

  • Use a simple, direct style.
  • Avoid jargon or buzzwords.
  • Tense: The Review prefers the present tense and active voice (e.g., “We investigate this feature and conclude…;” not, “We have investigated this feature and conclude…”).
  • Avoid tendencies to make words longer than necessary (e.g., universalizable, suicidality, generalizability, bourgeoisified) or to create compound words.
  • Avoid use of “feels,” “thinks,” “believes,” and the like; the Review prefers to avoid characterization of internal processes, encouraging authors instead to characterize subjects’ reports of those processes. For example: “the subject reported feeling stressful;” not, “he felt stressful.”
  • The noun “data” is plural.
  • Use “significant,” “significantly,” and “significance” only in referring to statistical significance and only with “statistical” or “statistically” as a modifier (as appropriate).
  • Use parenthetical comments sparingly and eschew the use of dashes to set off a tangential comment within a sentence.
  • Use of boldface, italics, underscore, and quotation marks: Journal style does not permit the use of these features to convey nuance, emphasis, or colloquiality.
  • Quotation marks may be used to identify a term or expression coined by the author. The coined term or expression is enclosed with quotation marks only at the first occurrence.
  • Use the serial comma after each element in a series of three or more elements (e.g., this, that, and the other).
  • In the run of text, an individual’s first and last names are included the first time the person is mentioned. Use only the last name in subsequent mentions.

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Math and Numbers
Social Service Review and the University of Chicago Press will assist authors in meeting the journal’s style concerning numbers and mathematical copy:
 

  • Numbers one through nine should be written out, except if used to represent percentages, units of measure (time is a unit of measure), age, grade, dates, and page numbers (e.g., six-point scale; 11-point scale; wave-1 interview; children were 3 months old; 3 percent of respondents, and 80 respondents).
  • Do not begin a sentence with a numeral; spell out the number or, if necessary, rewrite the sentence.
  • The word “percent” is written out in text and notes, but the % sign is used in tables and figures.
  • In equations and discussion, identify vectors by setting them in boldface.
  • Equations should conclude with punctuation appropriate to the context.
  • Superscripts and subscripts should be typed as such.
  • In reports of statistical results, F, chi-square, t-values, and probability levels are rarely sufficient, particularly if statistically significant. Provide differences in means or percentages, correlation coefficients, or other indications of degree of association, or effect size.
  • Unless additional digits are necessary, journal style prefers to follow the decimal point with no more than three digits.
  • Statistical significance levels (p-values) should never be reported as zero (instead use p < .001).
  • For additional details, see the Chicago Manual of Style (2010) and the University of Chicago Press’s Guidelines for Math and Other Non-ASCII Symbols.

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Tables, Figures, and Appendixes

TABLES

In constructing tables and association discussions, authors are encouraged to follow several style points:

  • Use tables sparingly and present only the data relevant to the argument advanced in the article.
  • Although a table may run vertically over more than one page, it must fit horizontally within the margins. If a table does not fit within margins, the journal may ask the author to shorten or remove the table.
  • Mention all tables by number.
  • Discuss tables in order; that is, table 2 should not be discussed before table 1 (one may make brief mention a table out of order but may not discuss the table fully).
  • Place tables at the end of the manuscript, following the references and notes.
  • Measures must be presented consistently across the discussion, tables, and notes.
  • Tables that contain only words (e.g., descriptions of variables or lists) should be placed in an appendix.
  • Provide a brief, descriptive title for each table. Table titles should not present background information or repeat the table’s headings and should run no longer than 12 words.
  • Headings: A heading is required for every column except the stub column (which may also bear one).
  • Avoid abbreviations; if one is necessary, define it in a note below the table.
  • Each notation (e.g., asterisks, superscript letters) used in a table must be defined or explained in a note below the table.
  • Use the following notations for statistical significance: + p < .10; * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001 (≤ may also be used).
  • In tables of statistical results, please clearly indicate the number of observations.
  • Place all symbols (e.g., %, $) or measurement abbreviations (e.g., month, year) in the table’s column headings or stub column, not in the table’s body.
  • These provisions notwithstanding, see the University of Chicago Press’s Guidelines for Tables.

FIGURES

Figures include charts and graphs. In general, the Review will not publish illustrations or photos and cannot publish figures in color. The Review will minimally edit figures to meet journal style but reserves the right to request publication-ready versions that conform to style. Shading and patterning may be used in graphs, but do not shade the entire field of a figure (see Guidelines for Specific Types of Artwork). Place the figure’s caption and any notes below and outside of the figure. Permission may be required to reprint figures from other sources. Authors are responsible for obtaining such permission; see the Chicago Manual of Style (2010). These points notwithstanding, please also consult the University of Chicago Press’s Guidelines for Artwork.

APPENDIXES


The Review uses appendixes to present material that is not essential to the article but that is helpful for clarification. Tables that contain only words (e.g., descriptions of variables or lists) generally appear as appendixes. Each appendix bears a title, as does each table in the appendix.

 

Multiple appendixes should be labeled sequentially by capital letters (e.g., Appendix A, Appendix B). The capital letter identifies an appendix should also be used in numbering the tables from that appendix. (e.g., table A1, table A2, table B1, and table B2).

 

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Notes and Acknowledgments

FOOTNOTES AND END NOTES

Notes are to be used only for substantive comments; if a note is devoted solely to citations, the journal will move the citations into the text and eliminate the note. Authors who rely on notes are encouraged to use footnotes for the peer-review stage of the process. As part of the editorial process, the journal will convert all footnotes to end notes, placing them in a Notes section that precedes the references and tables. Notes should be double-spaced.

 

ACKNOWLEDGMENT NOTE

In the interest of disclosure, the Review asks authors to acknowledge funding sources and prior presentations of the work. Funding acknowledgements should identify grant numbers (if available) and should avoid use of abbreviations or acronyms. The acknowledgment note may also be used to thank those who contributed to the work but are not identified as authors. The acknowledgment note appears as the first unnumbered note in the Notes section. Acknowledgment notes should not include biographical information on the manuscript’s authors, as each manuscript author contributes a separate biographical statement for the Contributors section of the issue in which his or her article appears.

 

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Biographical Statements
In each issue of the Review, a Contributors section presents a biographical statement for each author who contributes an article to that issue. Biographical statements may not exceed 75 words and may not use abbreviations or acronyms. If a specific work is mentioned in the statement, it must be fully cited (i.e., full title, publisher information, publication date). In order to promote scholarly dialogue, the journal allows authors to include e-mail addresses in biographical statements but discourages the inclusion of postal addresses and does not permit the inclusion of telephone numbers. For examples of biographical statements or assistance in formatting citations within statements, please contact the journal office. 
 

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Documentation

GENERAL INFORMATION

Social Service Review uses an author-date style for documentation. The journal will review articles with other styles but authors of accepted manuscripts will be asked to revise accordingly. The Review checks references for accuracy. In general, citations should correspond to reference entries, and entries that are not cited will be removed from the references list. For detailed guidance on citation or reference questions, see the Chicago Manual of Style (2010) or contact the journal’s office.

 

CITATIONS

The journal’s style concerning citations is governed by provisions detailed in the Chicago Manual of Style (2010) and by the following points:

  • An author’s first and last name should be included the first time he or she is mentioned in the run of text (i.e., not in parentheses or a note). Thereafter, only the author’s last name is used.
  • Some authors prefer to use first initials in lieu of first names (e.g., T.S. Elliot, H.G. Wells), and this preference may be accommodated at first mention as long as the author’s first initial does not appear at the start of a sentence.
  • In parenthetical citation strings, separate citations by semicolons.
  • Use the phrase “et al.” (literally, “and others”) to abbreviate authors’ names only in parentheses, notes, and tables. In the run of text, use such phrases as “and associates” or “and colleagues.”
  • Use “et al.,” “and associates,” and the like only in citing works with three or more authors.
  • If a work with three authors is cited more than once, all three names are included in the first citation; in subsequent citations, the first author’s name may be followed by “et al.” (in parentheses, notes, or tables) or by “and associates” (in the run of text).
  • If a work with four or more authors is cited, the first author’s name is followed by “et al.” (in parentheses, notes, or tables) or by “and associates” (in the run of text).
  • If several citations appear together in the same parenthetical section, order those citations chronologically, oldest first. If the context requires placement of a citation out of chronological order (e.g., to attribute a quotation first before citing additional examples), separate the first citation from the chronological string with the phrase “see also.”
  • Internet addresses may not be placed in parenthetical citations.
  • To distinguish two sources with the same author (or authors) and the same publication date, place an italicized letter after each date (e.g., Abbott 1915a, 1915b). The letter should appear in the reference entry as well as in citations.

FEDERAL LAWS, STATUTES, AND CODES

Social Service Review requires a citation for each law, regulation, and court decision mentioned in a work but does not include such sources in the list of References. Cite these sources in parentheses within the run of text or in notes. For additional guidance on citing such sources, please see the Chicago Manual of Style (2010).

 

Laws. Citations to laws should specify the year of enactment as well as a public law number, a location within the U.S. Statutes at Large, or a location within the U.S. Code.
 

Citations to public law numbers: Each public law is assigned a number that indicates the enacting congress and the law’s place within the sequence of laws passed by that congress. For example, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 is cited parenthetically in the run of text as U.S. Public Law 104-193 (1996). The public law number (104-193) indicates that it was the 193rd public law enacted by the 104th Congress.
 

Statutes at Large citations: The U.S. Statutes at Large (Stat.) are published by the Office of the Federal Register and provide the text of session laws. Citations to the Statutes at Large include the volume in which the statute is published, the number of the first page on which the statute appears, and the year in which the volume is published. For example, the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 is cited parenthetically in the run of text as 110 Stat. 2105 (1996). This citation indicates that the act is published in volume 110 of the U.S. Statutes at Large and that the act begins on p. 2105 of that volume.
 

U.S. Code citations: Citations to the U.S. Code include the title of the code, the specific section, and the year of publication for the edition to be cited. For example, provisions concerning federal school lunch programs can be cited to 42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq. (2000). This citation indicates that the provisions are codified in title 42 of the 2000 edition of the U.S. Code and that the text of those provisions can be found in section 1751.
 

Federal regulations and executive orders.

Citations to the Federal Register: These include the volume number, issue number, page number on which the item begins, and the year of publication. For example, the March 5, 2007 notice that begins on p. 9780 of the Federal Register would be cited parenthetically as (Fed. Reg. 72, no. 42 [March 2007]: 9780).
 

Citations to the Code of Federal Regulations: These citations include the title, part, and section of the rule, as well as the revision year in which the rule is published within the code. To cite section 261.2 in title 45 of the 2006 edition of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), the parenthetical citation would be 45 CFR 261.2 (2006).

 

References List

GENERAL POINTS

Social Service Review’s reference style is adapted from that presented in the Chicago Manual of Style (2010). The Review accepts submissions formatted in other styles but requires that the work meet journal style before publication. For detailed information on format of references, please consult the Chicago Manual of Style or the journal office.

References should be ordered alphabetically. If several entries identify the same author, they are ordered chronologically (oldest first). If there are two or more sources by the same author (or authors) from the same year, distinguish the reference entries by adding an italic letter to the publication date of each. Note, for example, the addition of a and b after the publication date in the following entries for two of Edith Abbott’s 1915 works:
 

Abbott, Edith. 1915a. “Education for Social Work.” 345–59
  in Report of the Commissioner of Education for the Year Ended June 30, 1915, Vol. 1. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
———. 1915b. “Field-Work and the Training of the Social
  Worker.” 615–21 in Proceedings of the National Conference of Charities and Correction at the Forty-second Annual Session Held in Baltimore, Maryland, May 12–19, 1915. Chicago: Hildmann.


References typically include authors’ first names, middle initials, and last names; however, one may use first initials in lieu of first names if an author’s initials are used in the original source. If a work lists 11 or more authors, the reference entry should list the full names of the first seven and abbreviate all other names with “et al.” In references with more than one author, only the first author’s name is inverted (i.e., last name placed first for alphabetization).


If the publication or release date of a work cannot be ascertained with relative certainty, the reference entry’s (and corresponding citation’s) date is replaced with “n.d.” (for “no date”). If “n.d.” is used in referencing Internet material, the reference entry must also include the date on which the material was accessed. The publication or release date for an entry should not be confused with a date of revision.

BOOKS

The entry includes the author’s full name, the date of publication, the complete title of the book (italicized), and the facts of publication (city where published and the name of the publisher). References to books also may include the name of compiler or translator, series name (if any), volume or number in a series, and the edition number (if not the original). For example:

Dreyfus, Hubert L., and Paul Rabinow. 1983. Michel
  Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

CHAPTER IN AN EDITED VOLUME

The entry includes the full name of the chapter’s author, the date of publication, the chapter’s title, the page range, the title of the volume, the full names of the editor (or editors), and the facts of publication. For example:

Bartik, Timothy J. 2000. "Displacement and Wage Effects
  of Welfare Reform." 72-122 in Finding Jobs: Work and Welfare Reform, edited by David E. Card and Rebecca M. Blank. New York: Russell Sage.

ARTICLE IN A JOURNAL

Reference the author’s full name, the date of publication, the article’s title (in quotation marks, principal elements capitalized), the name of periodical (italicized), the volume and issue numbers, and the page range. For example:

Coulton, Claudia. 2003. "Metropolitan Inequities and the
  Ecology of Work: Implications for Welfare Reform." Social Service Review 77 (2): 159-90.

GOVERNMENT REPORTS AND PUBLICATIONS

Reports published by governments (international, federal, state, or local) are treated as published material. In formatting entries for these sources, authors are encouraged to adapt the format used to reference books and to expand that format to include such identifiers as document numbers. For example:


  • Briefel, Ronette, Jonathan Jacobson, Nancy Clusen, Teresa
      Zavitsky, Miki Satake,Brittany Dawson, and Rhoda Cohen, 2003. The Emergency Food Assistance System Study-Findings from the Client Survey. Vol. 2, Final Report. Food Assistance and Nutrition Research Program Report no. e-Fan 03-007. Washingtn, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    U.S. House of Representatives, Committee on Ways and
      Means 2004. 2004 Green Book: Background Material and Data on the Programs within the Jurisdiction of the Committee on Ways and Means. Ways and Means Committee Print 108-6. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
  • GOVERNMENT SOURCES NOT PUBLISHED OR INFORMALLY RELEASED

    Some governmental sources, such as press releases and single-page Internet content, are considered to be unpublished or informally released. References to these sources resemble references to unpublished and informally released material from nongovernmental sources. Because Internet addresses and content change, references that include Web addresses should also identify the sponsoring agency or organization and other relevant identifiers like release dates and series titles. For example:

    • U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. 2005. "Regional and
        State Employment and Unemployment: October 2005." U.S. Department of Labor Press Release no. 05-2236, November 22. U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/laus_11222005.pdf.
      U.S. Department of Health and Huaman Services, Centers
        for Disease Control and Prevention. n.d. "Chronic Diseases: The Leading Cause of Death: Kentucky." Chronic Disease Prevention Fact Sheet. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Washington, DC. http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/publications/factsheets/ChronicDisease/kentucky.htm (accessed [Date]).

    UNPUBLISHED AND INFORMALLY RELEASED MATERIAL

    Because of the variety of unpublished material, authors should consult the Chicago Manual of Style (2010) or the journal office for answers to specific format questions. The title of such sources should be followed by a brief element that indicates the source’s nature (e.g., “Report,” “Policy Brief,” “Press Release”). Below are examples of references to common types of unpublished and informally published sources.

    Doctoral dissertation.

    Jekielek, Susan Marie. 2003. "Non-standard Work Hours and
      the Relationship Quality of Dual-Earner Parents." PhD diss., Ohio State University, Department of Sociology, Columbus.


    Contracted report by research organization.

    Kisker, Ellen Eliason, Rebecca A. Maynard, Anu 
      Rangarajan, and Kimberly Boller. 1998. "Moving Teenage Parents into Self-Sufficiency: Lessons from Recent Demonstrations." Report to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (Contract no. HHS-100-86-0045). Mathematica Policy Research, Princeton, NJ.

  • Organizational policy briefs, fact sheets, and the like.

    • Acs, Gregory, and Sandi Nelson. 2002. "The Kids Are
        Alright? Children's Well-Being and the Rise in Cohabitation." Assessing the New Federalism Policy Brief no. B-48 Urban Institute, Washington, DC.

    ARCHIVES

    For a full discussion of style regarding the citation of archives or manuscript collections, see the Chicago Manual of Style (2010).
     
  •  
  • Archival sources with an identifiable author or authoring organization.

  • Cannon, Ida M. 1908. Letter to Richard Clarke Cabot, 
      June 11. Richard Clarke Cabot Papers, C box 36, Correspondence and Other Papers, ca. 1886-1939, Series: General Correspondence, call no. HUG 4255. Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, MA.
    Cohen, Ethel. 1976. Transcript of an interview conducted
      by Eva S. Moseley, August 28-September 14. American Jewish Women of Achievement Oral History Collection, William E. Wiener Oral History Library of the American Jewish Committee, Ethel Cohen Papers, OH-26. Radcliffe Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, MA.
    Philadelphia Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to  
      Children. 1947. Minutes of board meeting, September 15. Case File Collection, series 1, Administrative Records, box 3. Temple University Library, Urban Archives, Philadelphia, PA.
  • Archival sources that do not specify an author.

  • California Work Pays Demonstration Project. 1998 County
      Welfare  Administrative Data. Codebook, Public Use version 3. Berkley: University of California, U.S. Data Archive and Technical Assistance.

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Guide for Book Reviewers

A book review should evaluate as well as summarize the work’s argument, consider the book’s place in the literature, and assess its contribution to the field. Reviews should be grounded in relevant knowledge and research. If the book is lacking, substantive gaps should be detailed, and the reviewer may briefly supplement the book’s findings with his or her own contributions.
 

Reviewers should avoid summarizing the content of sections or chapters, instead revealing the contents through the review’s narrative. A review should be limited to five pages unless the book warrants a more substantial examination. As space within the journal is limited, editorial efforts to conserve space are directly related to the length of the review and to the conciseness of the argument.
 

Social Service Review edits book reviews for style, syntax, and grammar, returning them for the author’s inspection before the start of the publication process. The journal office is unable to provide page proofs for book reviews; however, minor changes may be necessary to ensure that reviews conform to the University of Chicago Press style.
 

In addition, book reviews are edited according to the following style points:
 

  • The text of the review should enable the reader to distinguish the reviewer’s opinions and assertions from those presented in the reviewed book.
  • The Review prefers to avoid block quotations in book reviews. A quotation may be formatted as an indented block of text only if it exceeds 100 words.
  • A full citation (including page number) must accompany any direct quotation.
  • Citations to works other than the one under review should be placed in full in parentheses.
  • To avoid lengthy parenthetical citation strings, a string of citations to two or more works should be placed in a note.