Instructions for Authors

Instructions for Review Article Contributors

The Journal of Modern History is edited according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (Chicago, 2010).


  • The entire manuscript must be double spaced.
  • Page numbers should appear in the top right-hand corner of each page.
  • Paragraphing should be indicated with indentations, not with extra space between paragraphs.
  • Italics should be indicated with an italic typeface, not underlining. Please note that University of Chicago Press style discourages the use of italics for emphasis.
  • Dates should be formatted as Month day, year—e.g., July 4, 1776. (Exception: dates in archival citations may follow the format used by the archive.)
  • Quotation marks should always be double, not single; single quotation marks should be used only to set off quotations within quotations.
  • Punctuation within quotation marks: periods and commas at the ends of quotations should always go inside the closing quotation mark. Other punctuation (colons, semicolons, question marks, exclamation points) should always go outside unless part of the quotation. 


  • Source information for books under review must be provided in an initial unnumbered note referenced by an asterisk after the review article title.
    • The text for this note should appear on the first page of endnotes before the first numbered note.
    • The source note should provide complete bibliographic information for all books under review, including full publication information, number of pages (preliminary pages + regular text pages, e.g., xiv+300), and price.
    • Books should be listed alphabetically by author/editor.
  • Subsequent references in the text to books under review should be given as shortened references in parentheses within the text, not in the notes.
    • If only one book by a particular author is under review, the shortened reference may be the author's last name followed by a comma and the page reference.
    • For two or more authors with the same last name, the first name or initials must be included as well.
    • If more than one work by the same author is included, the shortened reference should include the author's last name and a short title, followed by a comma and the page reference.
    • More detailed information on shortened references may be found in The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition, 14.24-14.31.
  • All other references should be provided in the form of endnotes.
    • Notes should begin on a separate page following the text.
    • No individual note should be longer than one manuscript page, as this makes it difficult for the typesetter to keep note numbers and note text on the same printed pages. (The source note may be an exception, since its length depends on the number of books under review and hence is not adjustable.)

Note Style

Journal article

Author's name; article title in quotation marks; journal title in full, italic; volume number; year of issue; inclusive page numbers of article; specific page(s) cited, if applicable.


1. Robert O. Paxton, "The Five Stages of Fascism," Journal of Modern History 70 (1988): 1-23, 19.


Author's name (or editor's name, if no author); book title, italic; city of publication; year of publication; specific page(s) cited, if applicable. (Note: publishers' names are included only in the initial source information for books under review.)


1. Alvin Jackson, Ireland, 1798-1998 (Oxford, 1999), 26.
2. Anthony Molho and Gordon Wood, eds., Imagined Histories: American Historians Interpret the Past (Princeton, NJ, 1998).

Book in a series

1. Hannah Barker, Newspapers, Politics, and Public Opinion in Late Eighteenth-Century England, Oxford Historical Monographs, ed. R. R. Davies et al. (Oxford, 1998).

2. Jonathan Davies, Florence and Its University during the Early Renaissance, Education and Society in the Middle Ages and Renaissance, ed. Jürgen Miethke et al., vol. 8 (Leiden, 1998), 115-16.

Translated book

1. Daniel Roche, France in the Enlightenment, trans. Arthur Goldhammer (Cambridge, MA, 1998).

Multivolume work

1. S. E. Finer, The History of Government, 3 vols. (Oxford, 1997), 1:583.

Chapter in an edited book

1. Ruth Ben-Ghiat, "Liberation: Italian Cinema and the Fascist Past, 1945-50," in Italian Fascism: History, Meaning, and Representation, ed. R. J. B. Bosworth and Patrizia Dogliani (New York, 1999), 83-101.

Dissertation or thesis:

1. Suzanne L. Marchand, "Archaelogy and Cultural Politics in Germany, 1800-1965: The Decline of Philhellenism" (Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1992).


For more detailed information on note forms, see the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., chap. 14.