Style Sheet

Preparation of Manuscripts for Publication


ALL material in a manuscript must be typed DOUBLE-SPACED: text, footnotes, references, quotations, tables, and all linguistic material. This is extremely important. Our typesetter will not accept single-spaced material, and any manuscript containing such material will be returned to the author to be retyped (once it has been accepted for publication).

Submit manuscripts on high-quality, heavy-weight paper (8 1/2 x 11 inches). Leave SUBSTANTIAL (at least 1 1/2 inch or 4 cm.) margins at the top, bottom, and both sides of each page.

ALL material in a manuscript is to be in 12-point type.
Smaller type may not be used for abstracts, tables, footnotes, references, etc. It is too difficult for the typesetter to read.


The following format is to be used for the title page of a manuscript: TITLE OF PAPER (in caps, centered on page); Name(s) of Author(s) (in cap and lowercase, centered on page); Author's Affiliation or Location (in cap and lowercase, centered on page). For example:

Brian Joseph
Ohio State University


Heather K. Hardy and Lynn Gordon
University of California, Los Angeles


The following format is to be used for reviews (note that the material is always to be typed double-spaced):


Crow Texts. Edited by D.V. Kaschube. IJAL-NATS Monograph no. 2. Chicago: University of Chicago Press and University Microfilms International, 1978. Pp. iii+122. $8.75 (paper).

Statistics for Linguists. By Frank Anshen. Rowley, Mass.: Newbury House, 1978. Pp. 73. $3.95 (paper).


Place the reviewers name and affiliation or location at the end of the review, before the footnotes or references (if any).

Cited forms and other linguistic material

In general, letters, words, phrases, or sentences cited as linguistic examples are italicized in both the text and in cited examples. Please be sure that all diacritics are clear and easy for the typesetter to interpret.

Glosses appear in single quotation marks.

Cited forms that appear in phonetic or phonetic transcription, enclosed in brackets or virgules, do not have to be italicized.

Please remember that IJAL aims (inter alia) to be a reliable archive of data on Native American Languages. Since those data may later be used for purposes unimagined by the author of the original manuscript, all linguistic forms in Native languages must be cited in an orthography that records all significant phonetic contrasts. Although symbols may be used in any way deemed appropriate by the author, a footnote to the first cited form should explain any deviation from common Amerindianist or IPA usage, as well as the value of ambiguous letters such as c, j, q, x, or y. Please address questions on acceptable citation of forms to the Editor, Keren Rice.

Please remember when preparing linguistic material that the typesetter is not a linguist. Be sure the manuscript is legible and easy to follow. Complex linguistic material (e.g., tree diagrams) should be placed on separate sheets of paper, rather than included in the body of the text, to aid the typesetter.


Footnotes are double-spaced and placed together at the end of the manuscript. They should NEVER appear at the bottom of pages within the text. Please use a paragraph indent for each note. The footnote number is to be raised above the line, with no enclosures (such as parentheses or brackets).

Number footnotes serially throughout the manuscript. The acknowledgement footnote (if any) is to be numbered; do not use an asterisk for this note.

Footnote numbers in the text are placed, following punctuation marks (if any), raised above the line, with no enclosures (such as parentheses or brackets).


Only references actually cited in the paper (in text, footnotes, tables, etc.) should be included in the list of references.

When references are cited, the following forms are to be used:

Harvey (1964) calculates a period of cultural continuity 6,000 to 11,000 years long.


Pride (1963:11) says of Yaitepec Chatino: "Word-final syllables are always stressed and carry a

heavy functional load."


Other publications about Chatino which the reader may want to consult are Boas (1913), Price

(1961; 1965), and Upson (1956; 1960; 1968).


It is true that when Franz Boas did his fieldwork on Pochutec in 1912, Pochutla was surrounded

by Zapotec towns (see Boas 1917:9-12; also Hasler 1975; 1976).


Use the italicized letters a, b, c, etc. to distinguish several items published in the same year by the same author(s):


Campbell and Langacker (1978 a; 1978 b), Newman (1979 a:207; 1979 b:299).

A complete alphabetical list of all references cited in the text and notes should appear at the end of a manuscript. This list is headed REFERENCES and must be double-spaced. All material in the references (except certain linguistic forms, etc.) appears in roman type. Do not italicize book titles, journal titles, etc. If the reference is more than one line long, all following lines are to be indented.

For example:


Bright, William and Jan Minnick. 1966. Reduction rules in Fox

         kinship. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 22:281-88.


Craig, Colette. 1977. The Jacaltec anti-passive. Paper presented

at the Mayan Symposium, AAA, Houston.


Firestone, Homer L. 1965. Description and Classification of

Sirionó: A Tupí-Guaraní Language. Juana linguarum, series

practica, no. 16. The Hague: Mouton.


Homberg, Allan. 1958. The Sirionó. Handbook of South American

Indians, ed. Julian Steward, vol. 3, pp. 455-63. Washington,

D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.


-----. 1969. Nomads of the Long Bowl: The Sirionó of Eastern

Bolivia. Rev. ed. Garden City, N.Y.: Natural History Press.


Lesser, A. 1930. Some aspects of Siouan kinship. Proceedings of

the International Congress of Americanists 23:563-71.


Murdock, George Peter. 1949. Social Structure. New York: Macmillan.


-----. 1959. Cross-language parallels in parental kin terms.

Anthropological Linguistics 1, no. 9:1-5.


Priest, Perry N.; Anne M. Priest; and Joseph E. Grimes. 1961.

Simultaneous orderings in Sirionó (Guaraní). IJAL 27: 335-44.


Robertson, John S. 1976. The structure of pronoun incorporation

in the Mayan verbal complex. Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard



Scheffler, Harold W. 1972. Systems of kin classification: a

structural typology. Kinship Studies in the Morgan Centennial

Year, ed. Priscilla Reining, pp. 111-33. Washington, D.C.:

Anthropological Society of Washington.


-----, and Floyd G. Lounsbury. 1971. A Study in Structural

Semantics: The Sirionó Kinship System. Englewood Cliffs,

N.J.: Prentice-Hall.



Each table must be on a separate sheet of paper. Tables are to be numbered with Arabic (not Roman) numerals -- TABLE 1, TABLE 2, etc. (note that TABLE is in caps), centered on the page. The title of a table (if there is one) is centered below, in capital and lowercase letters.

ALL material in each table should be typed double-spaced, with ample space between columns and wide margins. Tables should avoid vertical rules and should have a double horizontal rule at the top and a single horizontal rule at the bottom, before the notes (if any).

Please do not submit tabular material which has been reduced through xerographic process. This sort of material is extremely difficult for the typesetter to read -- send the large original(s).


With few exceptions, figures are photographed and reproduced in IJAL from original copy (i.e., they are not typeset). Therefore, it is the responsibility of the author to submit camera-ready artwork for each figure in a manuscript.

Figures, like tables, are to be numbered serially with Arabic numerals and are to be placed on separate sheets of paper, not in the body of the text.

A separate list of figure legends should be submitted. Again, this material is to be double-spaced.

Other questions about style.
For general questions of style (e.g., grammar, punctuation, abbreviation, etc.), please consult The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010).

Specific questions on how to prepare a manuscript for publication in IJAL should be sent to the Managing Editor, Alma Dean Kolb (

If you do not have e-mail access, please address questions to:

Alma Dean Kolb, IJAL
Journals Division
University of Chicago Press
1427 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637-2954