Instructions for Authors


Manuscript Submission

Authors should submit manuscripts online via the Comparative Education Review Editorial Manager system at Detailed instructions are available below.
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Statement of Policy

For nearly 60 years, the Comparative Education Review has been the first source for theory, research, method, analysis, and critique in comparative and international education. We seek submissions based on high-quality, original research, including theoretical as well as policy-oriented manuscripts. As conditions in the world and our own field continue to develop and change, we are particularly eager to encourage the submission of manuscripts on a range of topics with the following characteristics:
  • Studies that critically examine (i.e., not just describe) educational content, ideas, organizations, policies, or practices
  • Studies that situate educational phenomena within their local, national, regional, or global context
  • Studies that focus on the relations between educational phenomena and cultural, economic, or political dynamics
  • Studies that consider educational and social phenomena historically and in the present
  • Studies that are explicitly anchored in conceptual frameworks, representing one or more established, emerging, or grounded paradigms
  • Studies that are based upon qualitative data, quantitative data, policy documents or other texts from existing scholarship
  • Studies that explore major issues in the comparative and international education and that have (immediate or indirect) relevance for policy and practice
  • Studies that have a command not only of the relevant literature but place the topic at hand into broader debates within the field.

Manuscripts submitted to the CER are judged on the following criteria: use of an explicit theoretical or conceptual framework, acknowledgment of relevant literature, originality in analysis, appropriateness of methodological approach, contribution to the advancement of knowledge, use of comparative perspective and location of the topic into broader debates within the field, and clarity of expression. We seek manuscripts in which authors not only frame their work with theory and concepts, but then go further by taking a critical distance to these concepts, placing them in dialogue with others, looking for cross-cutting issues that connect them or ways in which alternative theories challenge their premises. In this way, we hope that authors will not just connect with debates within the field but will advance the debate, telling us something new or casting the question in a new light.

Manuscripts that the coeditors consider to be relevant and sufficiently developed are refereed using a double-blind review process, which can take up to 3 months. Manuscripts considered by the CER should not simultaneously be under consideration by any other publication.
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Formatting Electronic Files

Please adhere to the requirements below when submitting a new or revised manuscript via Editorial Manager. The system relies on automated processing to create a PDF file from your submission. If you do not follow these instructions, your submission cannot be processed and will not be received by the journal office.

Acceptable Formats

  • Microsoft Word (.doc or .docx)(any recent version)
  • Rich Text Format (.rtf)

File Contents

Word documents should be submitted as a single file. Authors should submit figures as separate files, in TIFF (.tif) or EPS (.eps) (not GIF [.gif] or JPEG [.jpg]) format.

Please note that authors of accepted manuscripts may be required to submit high-resolution hard copies of all figures during production, as not all digital art files are usable.

In addition to the main manuscript file, submit your cover letter as a separate file in the same format as your main file. If you used any revision or editorial tracking tools in your word-processing program, be sure the final version of your manuscript does not contain tracked changes.

Revised and Final Versions of Manuscripts

If you are submitting a revised manuscript, please include your responses to the reviewers' comments as part of the cover letter file. When submitting a revised manuscript with figures, include all figures, even if they have not changed since the previous version. The final version of your manuscript must be submitted in Word (doc. or .docx) format. For both revised and final versions of manuscripts, please observe the same formatting instructions as those outlined above.

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General Specifications

Contributors should submit an editable, electronic version of an original manuscript that has not been published and is not under consideration elsewhere. Manuscripts should be 8,000 words or less, including footnotes and references. Manuscripts must have an abstract of not more than 150 words. There is additional space in the electronic version of the CER for technical appendixes, data, maps, and other supplements. In exceptional cases, longer pieces may be considered.


Acronyms or abbreviations should be written out at first mention in the text—for example, World Bank (WB). Include the first name or first initial of an author the first time the name is mentioned in the text.


Book Reviews

Unsolicited book reviews are not accepted. Book reviews are invited directly by the book review editor. Books for review should be submitted to Comparative Education Review, Attn: Book Review Editor, Center for International Education, School of Education, University of Massachusetts, 285 Hills House South, Amherst, MA 01003 (


References to books, monographs, articles, and statistical sources must be identified within the text by the author's family name, publication year, and pagination, where appropriate. When the author's name appears in the text, cite thus: Dore (1976). When the author's name does not appear in the text, cite thus: (Dore 1976). When citing pagination for a quote or specific reference, use this style: (Kelly and Altbach 1986, 92). When a source has two authors, give both names; if there are three or more authors, use "et al." For institutional authorship, cite thus: (World Bank 2002, 110). Distinguish more than one reference to an author in one year by using lowercase letters (a, b) attached to the publication year: (2001a). Enclose a series of up to three references within parentheses, separated by semicolons. List all references chronologically, then alphabetically (Kelly 1999; Dole 2002; Baker 2003). If more than three references occur in a single sentence, use a footnote and place references in the footnote using the above format. For details, consult The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition.

At the end of the manuscript, list sources alphabetically by author and, within author, by publication year. Examples of common references follow:

Published book

Fuller, Bruce, and Richard Rubinson, eds. 1992. The Political Construction of Education. New York: Praeger.

Chapter in an edited book

Bowman, Mary Jean. 1965. "From Guilds to Infant Training Industries." In Education and Economic Development, ed. C. A. Anderson and M. J. Bowman. Chicago: Aldine.

Book with multiple editions or volumes

Sorokin, P. A. 1959. Social and Cultural Mobility. 2nd ed. New York: Free Press.

Article in a journal

Kelly, Gail P., and Philip G. Altbach. 1986. "Comparative Education: Challenge and Response." Comparative Education Review 30 (February): 89-107.

Citation indicating more than one publication within the same year by an author

Torney-Purta, Judith. 2001a. "Civic Knowledge, Belief about Democratic Institutions, and Civic Engagement among 14-Year-Olds." Prospects 31 (March): 279-92.

Work available through a URL citation

Szanton, David, ed. 2002. The Politics of Knowledge: Area Studies and the Disciplines. University of California Press Digital Collection. http:www//


Herald Times. 2007. "School Officials Could Use First Amendment Review." Herald Times, April 9, A8.

Dissertation or unpublished working paper, discussion paper, etc.

Kandel, Isaac L. 1910. "The Training of Elementary School Teachers in Germany." PhD diss., Teachers College, Columbia University.

Published work by an organization

World Bank. 2005. World Development Report 2005. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Unpublished work by an organization

United Nations. 1998. "The United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education, 1995-2004." UN Document HR/PUB/DECADE/1997/1, United Nations, New York.

Tables and Figures

These should follow the text of the manuscript at the end of the manuscript. Each should be on a separate page, titled, numbered, referred to in order in the text, and no longer than one page. Sources of information and table notes should be identified under each table. Figures should be designed to fit a maximum page size of 5 × 8 inches; a figure legend is required.

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Online Submission Instructions

Please have the following items readily available before beginning the online submission process:
  • Manuscript in an acceptable format as described above
  • Cover letter as a separate file
  • Information from title page (to be typed into the peer review database): title, short title, list of authors and affiliations, and contact information for the corresponding author
  • Remove all author identification from manuscript before uploading. Replace self-identifying references with "author," and delete corresponding bibliographic reference completely. The manuscript will be sent for blind review.

Go to the CER Editorial Manager system at to submit your manuscript. If you do not have access to the Web, please send one hard copy of your manuscript and a CD-R containing all relevant electronic files to the editorial office. It is no longer necessary to submit a hard copy in addition to an electronic submission.


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