Patricia and Phillip Frost Essay Award

Max Fraser, a doctoral student in the history department at Yale University, is the winner of the 2013 Patricia and Phillip Frost Essay Award. Fraser’s article, “Hands Off the Machine: Workers’ Hands and Revolutionary Symbolism in the Visual Culture of 1930s America,” appeared in the summer 2013 issue of American Art (vol. 27, no. 2).


The Frost Award carries a $1,000 prize and is intended to recognize excellence in scholarship in the field of American art history. It is especially meant to honor an essay that advances our understanding of the history of the arts in America, demonstrates original research, and expresses fresh ideas. The essay must be clearly written, accessible in its language, and marked by a gracefulness of exposition. Funding for this award is made possible by the generous contribution of the Patricia and Phillip Frost Endowment. The prize was instituted in 2004 by the American Art Editorial Board. Each year, a rotating jury of three members of the board reviews articles appearing in the relevant volume and selects the winner.


For more information about the Frost essay award, please see