Turabian Student's Guide
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Table of Contents

for A Student's Guide to Writing College Papers by Kate L. Turabian

Preface for Teachers
Introduction: Why Research?


1 What Researchers Do and How They Think about It
1.1 How Experienced Researchers Think about Their Questions
1.2 Two Kinds of Research Questions
1.3 How Researchers Think about Their Answers/Arguments
1.4 How You Can Best Think about Your Project
1.5 How to Plan Your Time (No One-Draft Wonders Allowed)

2 Finding a Research Question
2.1 Questions and Topics
2.2 How to Choose a Topic
2.3 Question Your Topic
2.4 How to Find a Topic and Question in a Source
2.5 Evaluate Your Questions

3 Planning for an Answer
3.1 Propose Some Working Answers
3.2 Build a Storyboard to Plan and Guide Your Work

4 Finding Useful Sources
4.1 Knowing What Kinds of Sources You Need
4.2 Record Citation Information Fully and Accurately
4.3 Search for Sources Systematically
4.4 Evaluate Sources for Relevance and Reliability

5 Engaging Sources
5.1 Read Generously to Understand, Then Critically to Evaluate
5.2 Use Templates to Take Notes Systematically
5.3 Take Useful Notes
5.4 Write as You Read
5.5 Review Your Progress
5.6 How and When to Start Over
5.7 Manage Moments of Normal Panic

6 Planning Your Argument
6.1 What a Research Argument Is and Is Not
6.2 Build Your Argument around Answers to Readers' Questions
6.3 Assemble the Core of Your Argument
6.4 Acknowledge and Respond to Readers' Points of View
6.5 Use Warrants if Readers Question the Relevance of Your Reasons
6.6 An Argument Assembled

7 Planning a First Draft
7.1 Unhelpful Plans to Avoid
7.2 Create a Plan that Meets Your Reader' Needs

8 Drafting Your Paper
8.1 Draft in a Way that Feels Comfortable
8.2 Picture Your Readers Asking Friendly Questions
8.3 Be Open to Surprises and Changes
8.4 Develop Productive Drafting Habits
8.5 Work through Writer's Block
8.6 Preparing an Oral Report

9 Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing Sources
9.1 When to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize
9.2 Creating a Fair Summary
9.3 Creating a Fair Paraphrase
9.4 Adding Quotations to Your Text
9.5 Introducing Quotations and Paraphrases
9.6 Mixing Quotation with Summary and Paraphrase
9.7 Interpret Complex Quotations before You Offer Them

10 Preventing Plagiarism
10.1 Guard against Inadvertent Plagiarism
10.2 Take Good Notes
10.3 Signal Every Quotation, Even When You Cite Its Source
10.4 Don't Paraphrase Too Closely
10.5 (Almost Always) Cite a Source for Ideas Not Your Own
10.6 Don't Plead Ignorance, Misunderstanding, or Innocent Intentions
10.7 Guard against Inappropriate Assistance

11 Presenting Evidence in Tables and Figures
11.1 Choosing Verbal or Visual Representations
11.2 Choosing the Graphical Form that Best Achieves Your Intention
11.3 Designing Tables and Figures

12 Revising Your Draft
12.1 Check Your Introduction, Conclusion, and Claim
12.2 Make Sure the Body of Your Report Is Coherent
12.3 Check Your Paragraphs
12.4 Let Your Draft Cool, Then Paraphrase It

13 Writing Your Final Introduction and Conclusion
13.1 Draft Your Final Introduction
13.2 Draft Your Final Conclusion
13.3 Write Your Title Last
13.4 Preparing an Oral Report

14 Revising Sentences
14.1 Focus on the First Seven or Eight Words of a Sentence
14.2 Diagnose What You Read
14.3 Choose the Right Word
14.4 Polish It Off

15 Learning from Your Returned Paper
15.1 Find General Principles in Specific Comments
15.2 Visit Your Instructor

16 On the Spirit of Research


17 Citations
17.1 Why Cite Sources?
17.2 When You Must Cite a Source
17.3 Three Citation Styles
17.4 What to Include in a Citation
17.5 Collect Bibliographical Data as You Research and Draft

18 Chicago Style
18.1 Notes
18.2 Bibliography

19 MLA Style
19.1 When and How to Cite Sources in Your Text
19.2 Works Cited

20 APA Style
20.1 When and How To Cite Sources in Your Text
20.2 Reference List


21 Spelling: Plurals, Possessives, and Hyphenation
21.1 Spelling Basics
21.2 Plurals
21.3 Possessives
21.4 Hyphenated Words

22 Punctuation
22.1 Complete Sentences
22.2 Independent Clauses
22.3 Introductory Elements
22.4 Trailing Elements
22.5 Elements Internal to Clauses
22.6 Series and Lists
22.7 Quotations
22.8 Punctuation Don'ts

23 Titles, Names, and Numbers
23.1 Titles
23.2 Proper Names
23.3 Numbers

Appendix A: Formatting Your Paper
Appendix B: Glossary of Grammatical Terms
Appendix C: Resources for Research and Writing

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